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ตรำ  dtramM 
contents of this page
1.to endure, suffer, or undergo (hardships)
2.[is] enduring (hardships); suffering

Royal Institute - 1982
ตรำ  /ตฺรำ/
[วิเศษณ์] ปล่อยทิ้งตากแดดตากฝนไว้นานๆ เช่น ตัดไม้ทิ้งตรำแดดตรำฝนไว้, สู้ทนลำบาก เช่น ทำงานตรำแดดตรำฝน ตรำงาน, กรำ ก็ว่า.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiตฺรำ
IPAtram
Royal Thai General Systemtram

1.   [verb]
definition
to endure, suffer, or undergo (hardships)

synonymsกรำgramMto tolerate; suffer; drudge; endure
ตรากตรำdtraakL dtramMto endure; persist, persevere, struggle, attempt, strive
ทนทุกข์thohnM thookHsuffer; endure suffering
ทนทุกข์ทรมานthohnM thookH thaawM raH maanMsuffer; endure suffering
2.   [adjective]
definition
[is] enduring (hardships); suffering


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