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ตรากตรำ  dtraakL dtramM
contents of this page
1.to endure; persist, persevere, struggle, attempt, strive
2.hard; callously

Royal Institute - 1982
ตรากตรำ  /ตฺราก-ตฺรำ/
[วิเศษณ์] ทนทำอย่างไม่คิดถึงความยากลำบาก เช่น ทำงานอย่างตรากตรำ.
[วิเศษณ์] อย่างสมบุกสมบัน, อย่างไม่ปรานีปราศรัย, เช่น ใช้อย่างตรากตรำ.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiตฺราก-ตฺรำ
IPAtràːk tram
Royal Thai General Systemtraktram

1.   [verb]
definition
to endure; persist, persevere, struggle, attempt, strive

synonymsกรำgramMto tolerate; suffer; drudge; endure
ตรำdtramMto endure, suffer, or undergo (hardships)
ทนทุกข์thohnM thookHsuffer; endure suffering
ทนทุกข์ทรมานthohnM thookH thaawM raH maanMsuffer; endure suffering
related wordสมบุกสมบันsohmR bookL sohmR banMto perservere against great odds or hardships; to drudge onwards; to take great pains
exampleตรากตรำความเหน็ดเหนื่อยdtraakL dtramM khwaamM netL neuuayLThey endure hardship and exhaustion
sample
sentence
หลังจากตรากตรำทำงานในกรุงเทพฯ เป็นเวลาหลายปี เขาจึงหวนคืนสู่บ้านเกิดของตนเมื่อ เดือนที่แล้ว
langR jaakL dtraakL dtramM thamM ngaanM naiM groongM thaehpF bpenM waehM laaM laaiR bpeeM khaoR jeungM huaanR kheuunM suuL baanF geertL khaawngR dtohnM meuuaF jetL deuuanM theeF laaeoH
"After working so hard in Bangkok for many years, seven months ago he returned to the town of his birth."
2.   [adverb]
definition
hard; callously


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