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ทุกข์ระทม
thookH raH thohmM
pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiทุก-ระ-ทม
IPAtʰúk ráʔ tʰom
Royal Thai General Systemthuk rathom

1.   [adjective]
definition
[is] agonized; suffer; [is] distressed; tormented; tortured

componentsทุกข์ thookHsuffering; sorrow; distress; adversity; trouble; anxiety; first of the Four Noble Truths
ระทมraH thohmMto feel gloomy and depressed; suffer from a condition of excessive anguish
synonymsทุกข์ทรมานthookH thaawM raH maanMsuffering; painful feeling; consciousness of pain or trouble or grief; pain; agony; misery
ทุกขเวทนาthookH khaL waehtF thaH naaMsufferings; a consciousness of trouble, grief or pain
sample
sentence
ทำอะไรตามอารมณ์ ทุกข์ระทมจะตามมา
thamM aL raiM dtaamM aaM rohmM thookH raH thohmM jaL dtaamM maaM
"Heartache follows those who heed their emotions." "If you act in accord with your emotions, heartache and anguish will follow."
2. ความทุกข์ระทม  khwaamM thookH raH thohmM  [noun]
definition
suffering; agony; pain and suffering; mental anguish

componentsความkhwaamM[a prefix which converts an adjective or verb into a noun]
ทุกข์ thookHsuffering; sorrow; distress; adversity; trouble; anxiety; first of the Four Noble Truths
ระทมraH thohmMto feel gloomy and depressed; suffer from a condition of excessive anguish
sample
sentence
ความทุกข์ระทมกำซาบลงสู่ขั้วหัวใจ
khwaamM thookH raH thohmM gamM saapF lohngM suuL khuaaF huaaR jaiM
"Suffering and agony penetrate the very core of [our] hearts."

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