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ประติเษธวิเศษณ์ คือ คำวิเศษณ์ที่ประกอบบอกความปฏิเสธ หรือไม่ยอมรับ เช่น ไม่, มิ ใช่, ไม่ใช่, บ, บ่, บ่มิ, บราง, ฤ, ฤๅ, มิได้, ไม่ได้, หาไม่, หา...ไม่, หามิได้, ไม่...มิได้, ไม่...หามิได้ คำประติเษธวิเศษณ์ จะปฏิเสธที่นาม สรรพนาม กริยา หรือ วิเศษณ์ ก็ได้
bpraL dtiL saehtL wiH saehtL kheuuM khamM wiH saehtL theeF bpraL gaawpL baawkL khwaamM bpaL dtiL saehtL reuuR maiF yaawmM rapH chenF maiF miH chaiF maiF chaiF baawM baawL baawL miH bawL raangM riH reuuM miH daiF maiF daiF haaR maiF haaR maiF haaR miH daiF maiF miH daiF maiF haaR miH daiF khamM bpraL dtiL saehtL wiH saehtL jaL bpaL dtiL saehtL theeF naamM sapL phaH naamM gaL riH yaaM reuuR wiH saehtL gaawF daiF
pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiปฺระ-ติ-เสด-วิ-เสด-คือ-คำ-วิ-เสด-ที่-ปฺระ-กอบ-บอก-คฺวาม-ปะ-ติ-เสด-หฺรือ-ไม่-ยอม-รับ-เช่น-ไม่-มิ-ไช่-ไม่-ไช่-บอ-บ่อ-บ่อ-มิ-บ็อ-ราง-ริ-รือ-มิ-ได้-ไม่-ได้-หา-ไม่-หา-ไม่-หา-มิ-ได้-ไม่-มิ-ได้-ไม่-หา-มิ-ได้-คำ-ปฺระ-ติ-เสด-วิ-เสด-จะ-ปะ-ติ-เสด-ที่-นาม-สับ-พะ-นาม-กะ-ริ-ยา-หฺรือ-วิ-เสด-ก้อ-ได้
IPApràʔ tìʔ sèːt wíʔ sèːt kʰɯː kʰam wíʔ sèːt tʰîː pràʔ kɔ̀ːp bɔ̀ːk kʰwaːm pà tìʔ sèːt rɯ̌ː mâj jɔːm ráp tɕʰên mâj míʔ tɕʰâj mâj tɕʰâj bɔː bɔ̀ː bɔ̀ː míʔ bɔ̀ʔ raːŋ ríʔ rɯː míʔ dâj mâj dâj hǎː mâj hǎː mâj hǎː míʔ dâj mâj míʔ dâj mâj hǎː míʔ dâj kʰam pràʔ tìʔ sèːt wíʔ sèːt tɕàʔ pà tìʔ sèːt tʰîː naːm sàp pʰá naːm kà ríʔ jaː rɯ̌ː wíʔ sèːt kɔ̂ː dâj
Royal Thai General Systempratiset wiset khue kham wiset thi prakop bok khwam patiset rue mai yom rap chen mai mi chai mai chai bo bo bo mi borang ri rue mi dai mai dai ha mai ha mai ha mi dai mai mi dai mai ha mi dai kham pratiset wiset cha patiset thi nam sapphanam kariya rue wiset ko dai

 [example sentence]
definition
“Negative modifiers” are modifying words which indicate refusal or unacceptability, for example, “not,” (etc.) [The meanings of the Thai words in the list are similar.] These negative modifiers can be associated with nouns, pronouns, verbs, or other modifiers.

categories
componentsประติเษธวิเศษณ์bpraL dtiL saehtL wiH saehtL[Thai grammar] negative modifier
คือ kheuuMnamely; as follows; thus; as in; to wit; simply; that is
คำวิเศษณ์khamM wiH saehtL[grammar] modifier; modifying word
ที่ theeF[the relative pronouns] that; which; which is...
ประกอบ bpraL gaawpLto combine; to put together; to build; to assemble; to make; to erect
บอก baawkLto say; tell; inform; mention; state; relate; let (someone) know
ความ khwaamM[a prefix which converts an adjective or verb into a noun]
ปฏิเสธbpaL dtiL saehtLto deny; repudiate; refute; disavow; renounce; disclaim; disown; refuse; negate
หรือ reuuRor
ไม่ maiFnot; no
ยอม yaawmMto allow, yield, let, accept, agree to; is willing to
รับ rapHto receive, get; accept; catch a thrown object, take, to fetch, to pick (someone) up, (colloq.) telephone call
เช่น chenFsuch as; for example; for instance; like; e.g.
ไม่ maiFnot; no
มิ miHnot; no [more formal than ไม่ ]
ใช่ chaiFyes; I agree; yup; correct; right; indeed; that's so
ไม่ maiFnot; no
ใช่ chaiFyes; I agree; yup; correct; right; indeed; that's so

[an alternate spelling or pronunciation]
baawM[Isaan dialect, ancient, poetic] no; not; nay; nah
บ่ baawL[Isaan dialect, ancient, poetic] no; not; nay; nah
บ่ baawL[Isaan dialect, ancient, poetic] no; not; nay; nah
มิ miHnot; no [more formal than ไม่ ]
บรางbawL raangM[poetic] no; not having
 riHa Sanskrit ligature (consonant and vowel combination) which can be pronounced as ริ (ฤทธิ์ ) or รึ (พฤกษา ) or เรอ (ฤกษ์ ). The character is not normally listed in the Thai alphabet although appearing between and in Thai alphabetical order
ฤๅ reuuM[a particle indicating negation] not; no (usually used in Thai poetry)
มิ miHnot; no [more formal than ไม่ ]
ได้ daiFcan; to be able; is able; am able; may; might [auxiliary of potential, denoting possbility, ability, or permission]
ไม่ maiFnot; no
ได้ daiFcan; to be able; is able; am able; may; might [auxiliary of potential, denoting possbility, ability, or permission]
หา haaRto find; look for; seek; to search
ไม่ maiFnot; no
หา haaRto find; look for; seek; to search
ไม่ maiFnot; no
หา haaRto find; look for; seek; to search
มิ miHnot; no [more formal than ไม่ ]
ได้ daiFcan; to be able; is able; am able; may; might [auxiliary of potential, denoting possbility, ability, or permission]
ไม่ maiFnot; no
มิ miHnot; no [more formal than ไม่ ]
ได้ daiFcan; to be able; is able; am able; may; might [auxiliary of potential, denoting possbility, ability, or permission]
ไม่ maiFnot; no
หา haaRto find; look for; seek; to search
มิ miHnot; no [more formal than ไม่ ]
ได้ daiFcan; to be able; is able; am able; may; might [auxiliary of potential, denoting possbility, ability, or permission]
คำ khamMword; term; discourse
ประติเษธวิเศษณ์bpraL dtiL saehtL wiH saehtL[Thai grammar] negative modifier
จะ jaL[auxiliary verb indicating future tense—must be used with another verb] will; shall
ปฏิเสธbpaL dtiL saehtLto deny; repudiate; refute; disavow; renounce; disclaim; disown; refuse; negate
ที่ theeFat; on the site of; within; amidst; in the location of
นาม naamMname; designation; appellation
คำสรรพนามkhamM sapL phaH naamM[grammar] pronoun; pronouns
กริยา gaL riH yaaM[grammar] a verb
หรือ reuuRor
วิเศษณ์ wiH saehtL[Thai grammar] [is] modifying
ก็ gaawFalso; too; as well; well...; [suggestion] should...
ได้ daiFcan; to be able; is able; am able; may; might [auxiliary of potential, denoting possbility, ability, or permission]

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