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ประพันธสรรพนาม และประพันธวิเศษณ์ แม้จะใช้คำบางคำเหมือนกัน เช่น ที่ ซึ่ง อัน แต่มีข้อแตกต่างกัน ดังนี้
bpraL phanM thaH sapL phaH naamM laeH bpraL phanM thaH wiH saehtL maaeH jaL chaiH khamM baangM khamM meuuanR ganM chenF theeF seungF anM dtaaeL meeM khaawF dtaaekL dtaangL ganM dangM neeH
pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiปฺระ-พัน-ทะ-สับ-พะ-นาม-และ-ปฺระ-พัน-ทะ-วิ-เสด-แม้-จะ-ไช้-คำ-บาง-คำ-เหฺมือน-กัน-เช่น-ที่-ซึ่ง-อัน-แต่-มี-ค่อ-แตก-ต่าง-กัน-ดัง-นี้
IPApràʔ pʰan tʰá sàp pʰá naːm lɛ́ʔ pràʔ pʰan tʰá wíʔ sèːt mɛ́ː tɕàʔ tɕʰáj kʰam baːŋ kʰam mɯ̌ːan kan tɕʰên tʰîː sɯ̂ŋ ʔan tɛ̀ː miː kʰɔ̂ː tɛ̀ːk tàːŋ kan daŋ níː
Royal Thai General Systempraphantha sapphanam lae praphantha wiset mae cha chai kham bang kham muean kan chen thi sueng an tae mi kho taek tang kan dang ni

 [example sentence]
Even though relative pronouns and relative modifiers use the same words, for example, “that,” “which,” “the one that,” there are differences, as in the following:

componentsประพันธสรรพนามbpraL phanM thaH sapL phaH naamM[Thai grammar] relative pronoun
และ laeHand
ประพันธวิเศษณ์bpraL phanM thaH wiH saehtL[Thai grammar] relative modifier
แม้ maaeHthough; if; provided; even; even if
จะ jaL[auxiliary verb indicating future tense—must be used with another verb] will; shall
ใช้ chaiHto use, employ, exploit an object; utilize; resort to; implement
คำ khamMword; term; discourse
บาง baangM[is] scarce; limited; few; rare; thin
คำ khamMword; term; discourse
เหมือน meuuanR[is] similar; all the same; like; as
กัน ganMtogether with
เช่น chenFsuch as; for example; for instance; like; e.g.
ที่ theeFat; on the site of; within; amidst; in the location of
ซึ่ง seungF[the relative pronouns] that; which
อัน anMitem; a small thing; piece
แต่ dtaaeLbut; even; however; rather
มี meeMto have or possess; to be available
ข้อ khaawFjoint; point of intersection; articulation
แตก dtaaekLto break; burst; shatter; smash; break in pieces; break out; blossom
ต่าง dtaangL[is] different; another; various; many
กัน ganMtogether with
ดัง dangMsuch as; like; similar to; as
นี้ neeHthis; these

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