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ถดถอย
thohtL thaawyR
Royal Institute - 1982
ถดถอย  /ถด-ถอย/
[กริยา] ย่อท้อ, ลดน้อยลง.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiถด-ถอย
IPAtʰòt tʰɔ̌ːj
Royal Thai General Systemthot thoi

1.   [verb]
definition
to deteriorate; become worse; degrade

componentsถดthohtLto move; to budge; to withdraw; to creep
ถอย thaawyRto withdraw; move back; retreat
exampleเศรษฐกิจถดถอยsaehtL thaL gitL thohtL thaawyReconomic recession
2.   [adjective]
definition
[is] discouraged; disheartened; depressed; dispirited

componentsถดthohtLto move; to budge; to withdraw; to creep
ถอย thaawyRto withdraw; move back; retreat
synonymsถอดใจthaawtL jaiM[is] discouraged; disheartened
ท้อใจthaawH jaiM[is] discouraged; sad; disheartened
โยนผ้าyo:hnM phaaFto throw in the towel; to indicate that one is giving up, esp. in boxing
3.   [adjective]
definition
[is] discouraged

componentsถดthohtLto move; to budge; to withdraw; to creep
ถอย thaawyRto withdraw; move back; retreat
4.   [verb]
definition
to retreat; regress; move backwards; withdraw

componentsถดthohtLto move; to budge; to withdraw; to creep
ถอย thaawyRto withdraw; move back; retreat
antonymsคืบหน้าkheuupF naaFto slowly progress; relentlessly advance; develop; proceed steadfastly; increase slowly but surely
ล้ำหน้าlamH naaFto get ahead of; outstrip; overtake; catch up with and surpass
examples
การคุกคามจากภาวะถดถอยของเศรษฐกิจโลก
gaanM khookH khaamM jaakL phaaM waH thohtL thaawyR khaawngR saehtL thaL gitL lo:hkF
the threat of a global economic recession
การถดถอยของธารน้ำแข็ง
gaanM thohtL thaawyR khaawngR thaanM namH khaengR
glacial retreat
sample
sentence
กลายเป็นสวรรค์ของนักลงทุนจากนานาชาติโดยเฉพาะชาติอุตสาหกรรมที่กำลังเผชิญกับปัญหาประชากรถดถอยอย่างประเทศญี่ปุ่น
glaaiM bpenM saL wanR khaawngR nakH lohngM thoonM jaakL naaM naaM chaatF dooyM chaL phawH chaatF ootL saaR haL gamM theeF gamM langM phaL cheernM gapL bpanM haaR bpraL chaaM gaawnM thohtL thaawyR yaangL bpraL thaehtF yeeF bpoonL
"[China] has become a haven for international investors, especially those from industrial countries, such as Japan, who are experiencing difficulties with shrinking populations."

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