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สำรอง  samR raawngM 
contents of this page
1.reserves; reserve; an understudy; an extra; bench player keep; reserve; hold back; retain
3.[is] secondary; in reserve; substitute; spare

Royal Institute - 1982
สำรอง ๑  /สำ-รอง/
[นาม] ชื่อไม้ต้นขนาดใหญ่ชนิด Scaphium macropodum Beaumée ในวงศ์ Sterculiaceae ผลแช่น้ำแล้วพองเป็นวุ้น ใช้กินกับน้ำตาลและใช้ทำยาได้ เรียก พุงทะลาย.
สำรอง ๒  /สำ-รอง/
[กริยา] มีไว้หรือตระเตรียมไว้เผื่อเหลือเผื่อขาด.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiสำ-รอง
IPAsǎm rɔːŋ
Royal Thai General Systemsamrong

1.   [noun, adjective]
reserves; reserve; an understudy; an extra; bench player

examplesทุนสำรองthoonM samR raawngMreserves; reserve funds
ตัวสำรองdtuaaM samR raawngM[of a play or film] an understudy; second-string (in football or other team sports)
กำลังสำรองgamM langM samR raawngMreserve power; reserve force; reserve troops; reinforcement
กุญแจสำรองgoonM jaaeM samR raawngMspare key
baawM riH satL daiF dtriiamM namH manM samR raawngM deernM khreuuangF bpanL faiM pheuuaF haiF gaanM seuuL saanR maiF khatL khaawngF
"The company prepared a back-up oil supply to run the electrical generator so that communications would not be interrupted."
ngernM gepL meeM samR raawngM khaaeF maiF geeL deuuanM
"My savings covers only several months of spending."
2.   [verb]
to keep; reserve; hold back; retain

exampleสำรองจ่ายsamR raawngM jaaiLto advance money on someone's behalf (with the expectation of repayment)
กรุณาสำรองที่แต่เนิ่น ๆ เพื่อเลี่ยงความผิดหวัง
gaL rooH naaM samR raawngM theeF dtaaeL neernF neernF pheuuaF liiangF khwaamM phitL wangR
"Please book early to avoid disappointment."
เพราะต้องการปิดโครงการ และต้องการกระแสเงินสดเข้ามาสำรอง
phrawH dtawngF gaanM bpitL khro:hngM gaanM laeH dtawngF gaanM graL saaeR ngernM sohtL khaoF maaM samR raawngM
"[The companies are doing this] because they want to complete the projects and want the additional cash flow [that the projects generate]."
[is] secondary; in reserve; substitute; spare

examplesเก็บสำรองgepL samR raawngMto hold in reserve
แผนสำรองphaaenR samR raawngMback up plan
singL euunL yangM phaawM meeM samR raawngM
"All the other things were irrelevant."

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