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Figures of Speech

การกล่าวเกินจริงgaanM glaaoL geernM jingMoverstatement
gaanM bpraL chohtH bpraL thiiatF siiatL seeR
การแฝงนัยgaanM faaengR naiMirony
คำเลียนเสียงธรรมชาติkhamM liianM siiangR thamM maH chaatFonomatopoeia
นามนัยnaamM naiMmetonymy
บุคคลวัตbookL khohnM laH watH[current form of บุคลาธิษฐาน ] personification
บุคลาธิษฐาน bookL khaH laaM thitH thaanRpersonification
ปฏิทรรศน์bpaL dtiL thatHparadox
ปฏิปุจฉาbpaL dtiL bpootL chaaR[formal term] rhetorical question
ปฏิพากย์bpaL dtiL phaakFretort; response; poetic call and response
ปฏิพากย์พจน์bpaL dtiL phaakF phohtHantithesis
ปฏิรูปพจน์bpaL dtiL ruupF phohtH[figure of speech] allusion
ไวพจน์waiM phohtHsynonym; pun; "double-entendre" or play on words
สัญลักษณ์ sanR yaH lakHsign; [figure of speech] symbol; symbolism
สัทพจน์satL phohtHonomatopoeia
สัมผัสสระsamR phatL saL raLto make a poem rhyme based on the vowel sounds; vowel rhyme
สัมผัสอักษรsamR phatL akL saawnRto alliterate
สัมพจนัยsamR phaH jaL naiM[figure of speech] synecdoche
อติพจน์aL dtiL phohtHhyperbole
อธิพจน์aL thiH phohtH[variant of อติพจน์]
อัพภาส apL phaatFrepeated words; repetition of syllable through the use of ประวิสรรชนีย์ in front of the root word
อุปมา oopL bpaL maaMsimile
อุปมานิทัศน์oopL bpaL maaM niH thatHallegory
อุปมาอุปไมยoopL bpaL maaM oopL bpaL maiMmetaphor; simile (the verbs เหมือน  and ดั่ง  are always used)
oopL bpaL maaM oopL bpaL maiM jamM phawH suaanL
อุปลักษณ์ ooL bpaL lakHmetaphor (the verbs คือ  and เป็น  are always used)
อุปนิเสธoopL bpaL niH saehtLlitotes

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