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ล้าหลัง
laaH langR
Royal Institute - 1982
ล้าหลัง  /ล้า-หฺลัง/
[วิเศษณ์] ช้าอยู่ข้างหลังเขา, ไม่ก้าวหน้า.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiล้า-หฺลัง
IPAláː lǎŋ
Royal Thai General Systemla lang

1.   [adjective]
definition
[is] outmoded; backward; obsolete

componentsล้า laaH[is] exhausted; fatigued; tired
หลัง langRbehind; following; at the rear
synonymsคร่ำครึkhramF khreuH[is] old-fashioned; out-of-date; antiquated; outmoded
ตกยุคdtohkL yookH[is] out of date; old-fashioned
ล้าสมัยlaaH saL maiR[is] old-fashioned; old fashioned; out of date; anachronistic
หมดยุคmohtL yookH[is] outdated
หมดยุคหมดสมัยmohtL yookH mohtL saL maiR[is] out of date; old-fashioned; outdated
หมดสมัยmohtL saL maiR[is] outdated; old-fashioned
exampleบ้านเมืองป่าเถื่อนล้าหลังbaanF meuuangM bpaaL theuuanL laaH langRan uncivilized and backward nation
sample
sentences
คนไทยรู้จักหน้าที่ของตัวเองต่ำมาก โดยเฉพาะหน้าที่ต่อสังคม เป็นประเภท มือใครยาว สาวได้สาวเอา เกิดธุรกิจการเมือง ธุรกิจราชการ ธุรกิจการศึกษา ทำให้ประเทศชาติ ล้าหลังไปเรื่อย
khohnM thaiM ruuH jakL naaF theeF khaawngR dtuaaM aehngM dtamL maakF dooyM chaL phawH naaF theeF dtaawL sangR khohmM bpenM bpraL phaehtF meuuM khraiM yaaoM saaoR daiF saaoR aoM geertL thooH raH gitL gaanM meuuangM thooH raH gitL raatF chaH gaanM thooH raH gitL gaanM seukL saaR thamM haiF bpraL thaehtF chaatF laaH langR bpaiM reuuayF
"Thais have a limited knowledge of their responsibilities, especially their responsibilities to society as a whole. It has become as if the benefits of society go to the most aggressive. Politics has become a business; government service has become a business, as has education. This [trend] has caused our nation to always fall behind."
การศึกษาได้ดึงคนบางคนออกจากความต่ำต้อยล้าหลังในชนบทไปสู่ชีวิตที่ดี
gaanM seukL saaR daiF deungM khohnM baangM khohnM aawkL jaakL khwaamM dtamL dtaawyF laaH langR naiM chohnM naH bohtL bpaiM suuL cheeM witH theeF deeM
"Education has pulled some people in the countryside out of obscurity and backwardness toward a new life."
2. ความล้าหลัง  khwaamM laaH langR  [noun]
definition
backwardness; underdevelopment

componentsความkhwaamM[a prefix which converts an adjective or verb into a noun]
ล้า laaH[is] exhausted; fatigued; tired
หลัง langRbehind; following; at the rear
3.   [adverb]
definition
behind

componentsล้า laaH[is] exhausted; fatigued; tired
หลัง langRbehind; following; at the rear
sample
sentence
เธอหาบของเดินล้าหลังพวกแม่ค้าด้วยกัน
thuuhrM haapL khaawngR deernM laaH langR phuaakF maaeF khaaH duayF ganM
"She carried her goods on her pole, walking behind her fellow hawkers."
4.   [verb]
definition
to fall behind

componentsล้า laaH[is] exhausted; fatigued; tired
หลัง langRbehind; following; at the rear
antonymล้ำหน้าlamH naaFto get ahead of; outstrip; overtake; catch up with and surpass
sample
sentence
คนแก่มักไม่ค่อยยอมขยับยอมเปลี่ยนจนล้าหลังคนหนุ่ม
khohnM gaaeL makH maiF khaawyF yaawmM khaL yapL yaawmM bpliianL johnM laaH langR khohnM noomL
"Older people are not willing to change or alter [their way of doing things and], so they fall behind young people."

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