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Precious Stones, Jewels, Gems [cut and uncut]

เพชร phetHdiamond
มณี maH neeMprecious stone; jewel; gem; ornament; water-pot
มรกต maawM raH gohtLemerald
บุษราคัม bootL saL raaM khamMtopaz or yellow sapphire
โกเมน go:hM maehnMgarnet
นิล ninMblue sapphire; black gemstone
มุกดาหาร mookH daaM haanRpearl
เพทาย phaehM thaaiM(red) zircon
เพชรดีphetH deeMa fine diamond
มณีแดงmaH neeM daaengM(red) ruby
เขียวใสแสงมรกตkhiaaoR saiR saaengR maawM raH gohtL(brilliantly green) emerald
leuuangR saiR sohtL bootL saL raaM khamM
(luminously glowing yellow) Topaz or yellow sapphire
แดงแก่ก่ำโกเมนเอกdaaengM gaaeL gamL go:hM maehnM aehkL(dark red) garnet
สีหมอกเมฆนิลกาฬseeR maawkL maehkF ninM gaanM(cloudy) blue sapphire
มุกดาหารหมอกมัวmookH daaM haanR maawkL muaaM(hazy foggy) moonstone
แดงสลัวเพทายdaaengM saL luaaR phaehM thaaiM(murky) red zircon
สังวาลสายไพฑูรย์sangR waanM saaiR phaiM thuunM(sash of) Chrysobery Cat's eye; lapis lazuri (shoulder lace)
นพรัตน์nohpH ratH[ornament] the nine gems
แก้วเก้าประการgaaeoF gaaoF bpraL gaanM"nine kinds of precious stones"
นพเก้าnohpH phaH gaaoF[the Thai counterpart of] นพรัตน์
อัญมณีanM yaH maH neeMprecious stones, jewel, gems; [ancient] other valuable objects or belongings
รัตนชาติratH dtaL naH chaatFdecorative mineral (not yet cut)
โอปอล o:hM bpaawnM[Thai transcription of the foreign loanword] Opal
พลอยเขียวน้ำเงินอ่อนphlaawyM khiaaoR namH ngernM aawnLaquamarine
อควอมารีน ohkL waawM maaM reenM[Thai transcription of the foreign loanword] aquamarine
พลอยแดงphlaawyM daaengMcarbuncle
โกเมนสีส้มอมแดงgo:hM maehnM seeR sohmF ohmM daaengMjacinth
พลอยสีส้มอมแดงphlaawyM seeR sohmF ohmM daaengMjacinth
หินโมราhinR mo:hM raaMagate
หินเขี้ยวหนุมานhinR khiaaoF haL nooH maanMquartz
ควอร์ตซ์ khwaawdF[Thai transcription of the foreign loanword] quartz; quartz, one of the most common minerals, silicon dioxide, SiO2, having many varieties that differ in color, luster, etc., and occurring either in masses (as agate, bloodstone, chalcedony, jasper, etc.) or in crystals (as rock crystal, amethyst, citrine, etc.): the chief constituent of sand and sandstone, and an important constituent of many other rocks. It is piezoelectric and used to control the frequencies of radio transmitters.
อาเมธิสต์ aaM maehM thitH[Thai transcription of the foreign loanword] amethyst
หินควอร์ตซ์ชนิดหนึ่ง มีแถบสีขนานสลับกัน
hinR khwaawdF chaH nitH neungL meeM thaaepL seeR khaL naanR saL lapL ganM
หินโมราชนิดหนึ่ง มักเป็นสีขาว
hinR mo:hM raaM chaH nitH neungL makH bpenM seeR khaaoR
หินควอร์ตซ์จำพวกโมราชนิดหนึ่ง มีสีแดงเจือเหลือง-น้ำตาล
hinR khwaawdF jamM phuaakF mo:hM raaM chaH nitH neungL meeM seeR daaengM jeuuaM leuuangR namH dtaanM
raaeF ratH dtaL naH chaatF seeR namH ngernM reuuR namH ngernM ohmM khiaaoR
turquoise—an opaque mineral, a basic hydrous copper อลูมิเนี่ยมฟอสเฟต (aluminum phosphate) often containing a small amount of iron, sky-blue or greenish-blue in color, as a gem cut en cabochon
เทอร์ควอยส์ thuuhrM khwaawyM[Thai transcription of the foreign loanword] turquoise
พลอยสีม่วงphlaawyM seeR muaangFamethyst
พลอยสีเหลืองphlaawyM seeR leuuangRtopaz (gemstone)
ไข่มุกkhaiL mookHpearl
เพชรพลอยphetH phlaawyMgems
ทับทิมน้ำงามthapH thimM naamH ngaamMruby of the first water
เพชรน้ำหนึ่งphetH naamH neungLdiamond of the first or superb water—also often used as a person's degree of excellence
ไมกา maiM gaaM[Thai transcription of the foreign loanword] mica
หุน hoonR[a unit of weight used by jewlers equal to about] 375mg
หลี leeR[a unit of weight used by jewelers equal to] 1/10 of a หุน  [or about] 37.5mg
ควอตซ์khwaawtF[Thai transcription of the foreign loanword] quartz
กะหรัต gaL ratL[Thai transcription of the foreign loanword] carat; a measure of weight for jewels
ไพลินphaiM linMsapphire
ไพฑูรย์ phaiM thuunMcat's eye; lapis lazuli

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