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Ingredients for Thai Cooking

กระเฉด graL chaehtL[a type of] watercress used in Thai salads
กระชาย graL chaaiMroot used in Thai cooking, Boesenbergia rotunda; fingerroot
กระวาน graL waanMcardamom, small brown seeds with strong aromatic flavor Amomum xanthoides; leaf is bay leaf
กะปิgaL bpiLThai shrimp paste, made from ground shrimp and rice
เกลือสมุทรgleuuaM saL mootLsea salt
ขมิ้น khaL minFturmeric, Curcuma domestica
ขมิ้นผงkhaL minF phohngRturmeric powder
ขิง khingR[general] ginger
ไข khaiRanimal fat; lard; tallow; [of human bones] marrow
ไข่เยี่ยวม้าkhaiL yiaaoF maaHcentury egg
งาขาวngaaM khaaoRwhite sesame seeds
งาดำngaaM damMblack sesame seeds
ชะอมchaH ohmMAcacia pennata, a cooking green commonly used in Thai omelettes
ผักชีลาวphakL cheeM laaoMdill Anethum graveolens; common dillweed or 'Laos coriander'
ดีปลีdeeM bpleeMlong pepper; piper sylvaticum (Piperaceae) [also, Southern dialect for พริกขี้หนู and others]
ตะไคร้ dtaL khraiH[general] lemongrass
ไตปลาdtaiM bplaaMTai Plaa, a Thai fish sauce prepared form the fish entrails (gills, guts, internal parts, particularly a hard tissue inside the fish stomach)
ถั่วลิสง thuaaL liH sohngR[general] peanut
น้ำกะทิnaamH gaL thiHcoconut milk
น้ำตาลสดnamH dtaanM sohtLcoconut nectar; palm juice
น้ำปลาnamH bplaaMfish sauce
น้ำพริกเผาnamH phrikH phaoRspicy paste used in Thai cooking
น้ำมันพืชnamH manM pheuutFvegetable oil
น้ำมันหอยnamH manM haawyRoyster sauce
ใบกุ่ยไฉ่ขาวbaiM guyL chaiL khaaoRChinese chive leaf
ปลาแดกbplaaM daaekL[a variant of] ร้า 
ปลาร้าbplaaM raaHfermented fish preserved with salt. Also called ปลาแดก
ปูเลย bpuuM leeuyMcassumunar ginger, Zingiber cassumunar
แป้งข้าวbpaaengF khaaoFrice flour
แป้งข้าวเจ้าbpaaengF khaaoF jaoFrice flour
แป้งข้าวโพดbpaaengF khaaoF pho:htFcorn flour
แป้งข้าวเหนียวbpaaengF khaaoF niaaoRflour of sticky rice; glutinous rice flour
ผงกะหรี่phohngR gaL reeLcurry powder
ผงฟูphohngR fuuMbaking powder
มะนาว maH naaoM[general] lime; [also used for] yellow lemon (which is not commonly available in Thailand)
เห็ดมูลhetL muunM[a kind of] edible mushroom; Termitomyces sp.
ยี่หร่า yeeF raaLclove basil, African basil, (Hawaii) wild basil Ocimum gratissimum
สะระแหน่ saL raH naaeLmint (herb)
หญ้าฝรั่น yaaF faL ranL[general] saffron
ต้นหอมแดงdtohnF haawmR daaengMAllium oschaninii, shallot
ปูนิ่มbpuuM nimFsoft-shelled crab
น้ำตาลแดงnamH dtaanM daaengMbrown sugar
น้ำตาลปึกnaamH dtaanM bpeukLpalm sugar in the form of cakes
ข้าวเบือkhaaoF beuuaMpounded rice for use in thickening curries.
มะขามเปียกmaH khaamR bpiiakLtamarind paste
เต้าหู้ยี้dtaoF huuF yeeHpickled bean curd
เส้นหมี่senF meeLvermicelli
กระเจี๊ยบเขียวgraL jiiapH khiaaoRokra, Lady's Finger Abelmoschus esculentus
ก๊าซหุงต้มgaasH hoongR dtohmFcooking gas; LPG
แป้งท้าวยายม่อมbpaaengF thaaoH yaaiM maawmFarrowroot
ไขมันอิ่มตัวkhaiR manM imL dtuaaMsaturated fat
ซุปไก่สกัดsoopH gaiL saL gatLchicken soup extract
น้ำมันปาล์มnamH manM bpaamMpalm oil
ผงพะโล้phohngR phaH lo:hHChinese five spice powder used to make พะโล้ for example
หัวกะทิhuaaR gaL thiHthick coconut cream, undiluted coconut milk; top, best of the best, high-level
เมล็ดยี่หร่าmaH letH yeeF raaLfennel ; cumin Cuminum cyminum
ก๋วยเตี๋ยวเส้นใหญ่guayR dtiaaoR senF yaiLwide Chinese-style rice noodles

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