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Consonant Reduplication

In some Thai words, a single written consonant may serve as the final consonant of a closed syllable and then be pronounced again as the initial consonant of the following syllable. For example, in the word วิทยาลัย , which is pronounced witH-thaH-yaaM-laiM, the final consonant of the first syllable, ท, is reduplicated as the initial consonant of the second syllable.

Suggested Exercise:
Identify the reduplicated consonant in words selected from the following table.


กกุทgaL gootL thaH
1.

[n] royal insignia

2.

[n] hump of an animal

3.

[n] chief; head; chairman

กกุธgaL gootL thaH
1.

[n] royal insignia

2.

[n] hump of an animal

3.

[n] chief; head; chairman

กฎนิคหกรรมgohtL nikH khaH haL gamM

[n] penal code for Buddhist monks

กฎอัยการศึกgohtL aiM yaH gaanM seukL

[n, formal] martial law

กตัญญูกตเวทิตาgaL dtanM yuukF gaL dtaL waehM thiH dtaaM

[n] the quality of being a grateful person; gratitude; gratefulness.

กรมgrohmM maH
1.

[n] [of government] a department

3.

[n] regiment [military]

plus 1 more
กรมธรรม์ grohmM maH thanM
1.

[n] contract for buying or selling (e.g., real estate)

2.

insurance policy

กรรมgamM maH
1.

[n, formal, loan, S] deed; kamma; karma; sin; bad karma earned

2.

[n, loan, P] action; act

3.

[part, formal, loan, P] [a suffix reflecting] an enterprise; undertaking; [a formalizing Pali suffix that changes a verb or adj. into a noun]

4.

[n, formal, loan, P] [grammar] the object of a verb

plus 1 more
กรรมกร gamM maH gaawnM

[n] unskilled laborer; workman

กรรมการกgamM maH gaaM rohkH

[n] [Thai grammar] the accusitive case to mark the direct object of a transitive verb.

กริยาสภาวมาลาgriL yaaM saL phaaM waH maaM laaM

[n] [grammar] verb acting as a noun

กฤษฎาภินิหารgritL saL daaM phiH niH haanR

[n] power of accumulated merit

กฤษฎีgritL saL deeM
1.

[n, loan, S] waist; hip

2.

[n, loan, S] populace; people

กฤษฎีกาgritL saL deeM gaaM

[n, S] royal decree

กฤษณะgritL saL naH

[n] Krishna, an avatar of Vishnu

กลgohnM laH
1.

[n] magic; trick; device; finesse

2.

[n] scheme; stratagem; plot; intrigue

3.

[n] machine; machinery

กลวิธีgohnM laH wiH theeM

[n] strategy; stratagem; maneuver; tactics; artifice; ruse; trick

กลศาสตร์gohnM laH saatL

[n] Mechanics

กัลบกganM laH bohkL

[n, formal] barber; hairdresser

กัลปาวสานganM laH bpaaM waH saanR
1.

[adv] eternally; everlastingly; forever

plus 1 more
กัลยาganM laH yaaM
1.

[n] beautiful woman

2.

Kalaya [Thai woman's given name] (beautiful woman)

กัลยาณมิตรganM laH yaaM naH mitH

[n] true friend; good friend

กัลยาณีganM laH yaaM neeM

[n] beautiful woman

กามgaamM maH
1.

[n, formal, loan, P] sexual desire; sex drive; eroticism; carnal lust

2.

[adj, formal, loan, P] erotic; sexual; lustful

plus 1 more
กามตัณหาgaamM maH dtanM haaR

[n] craving for sexual pleasure

กายgaaiM yaH
1.

[n] body; human body; physique

plus 1 more
กาลปาวสานgaanM laH bpaaoM waH saanR

[adv] for ever and ever

กาฬโรคgaanM laH ro:hkF

[n] bubonic plague

กิจgitL jaL

[n, loan, P] errand; duty; work; routine; affair; business

กิจการ gitL jaL gaanM
1.

[n] work (nonbusiness); activity; duty; business; proprietorship

2.

[prop.n] [book of the New Testament] Acts

กินรีginM naH reeM

[n, formal, poet, loan, P] a female กินนร

กีฏวิทยาgeetL dtaL witH thaH yaaM

[n] Entomology

กุลgoonM laH

[n] tribe; race; lineage; troupe; team; company; pack; family; bevy; group; caste

กุลพันธ์goonM laH phanM

[prop.n] Kunlapan [a Thai given name]

กุศโลบายgootL saL lo:hM baaiM

[n] strategy; stratagem; maneuver, tactics, well-thought-out course of action; manipulation; scheme

เกษมณีgaL saehmM maH neeM

[prop.n] Kedmanee (keyboard layout for typing Thai)

คชสีห์khohtH chaH seeR

[n] fabulous lion with the trunk of an elephant

คณาธิปไตยkhaH naaM thipH bpaL dtaiM

[n] oligarchy

คณิตkhaH nitH dtaL

[n, loan, P] mathematics; calculation; counting

คณิตวิเคราะห์khaH nitH dtaL wiH khrawH

[n] Mathematical Analysis

คริสเตียน khritH saL dtiianM
1.

[n, adj, loan, Eng] [Thai transcription of the foreign loanword] [is]Christian

2.

Christian [an English given name]

คหกรรมศาสตร์khaH haL gamM maH saatL

[n] Domestic science; home economics

คัคนานต์khakH khaH naanM

[n, formal, poet, loan, P] sky; firmament

คามวาสีkhaamM maH waaM seeR

[n] monk who resides in a temple in a town or village

คุณkhoonM naH
1.

[prn] [singular and plural] you; your

2.

[prn] [a title of respect, as in] Mister, Miss, or Mrs. [usually followed by the first name]

3.

merit; goodness; virtue; prosperity

4.

string; rope; thread; cord

5.

[prn] [noun + (ของ ) + คุณ: indicating possession] your (item or object); yours

6.

[n] kindness

plus 1 more
คุณวุฒิkhoonM naH wootH

[n] qualifications; competence; ability; high stature

ฆาตกรkhaatF dtaL gaawnM

[n] murderer; killer; slayer; assassin

โฆษณา kho:htF saL naaM
1.

[n, v, i, formal, loan, P] to advertise; to campaign

2.

[n] advertisement

plus 1 more
จตุรพิธพรjaL dtooL raH phitH thaH phaawnM

[n] The Four Blessings

จตุสดมภ์jaL dtootL saL dohmM

[n] the four ministries in the ancient government; the four pillars of government

จักจี้jakL gaL jeeF

[adj, v] to tickle; ticklish

จั๊กจี้ jakH gaL jeeF

[adj, v] to tickle; ticklish

จัตวา jatL dtaL waaM
1.

[adj, loan, P] [Pali numeral] four; [usually used as a prefix] fourth; quadruple

2.

[n, formal] [of Thai Tone] rising

plus 1 more
จันทรุปราคาjanM thaH roopH bpaL raaM khaaM

[n] lunar eclipse; eclipse of the moon by the earth

จิตรมาสjitL dtaL raH maatF

[prop.n] the fifth lunar month

จิตวิสัยjitL dtaL wiH saiR

[adj] [is] subjective

จุลjoonM laH

[pfx, adj, formal, loan, P] microscopic; tiny; minute; extremely small; [the prefix] "micro-"

จุลทรรศน์joonM laH thatH

[n] microscope

จุลภาคjoonM laH phaakF

[n] [punctuation mark] comma

เจตนา jaehtL dtaL naaM
1.

[n] intention; purpose; aim; intent

2.

[v] to intend

plus 1 more
เจตนารมณ์jaehtL dtaL naaM rohmM

[n] intention; aim; purpose

เจรจา jaehnM raH jaaM
1.

[v] to negotiate

plus 1 more
เจษฎาธิการjaehtL saL daaM thiH gaanM

[n] Reverend (director of a religious Christian school)

โจราธิปไตยjo:hM raaM thipH bpaL dtaiM

[n] kleptocracy

ชนนี chohnM naH neeM

[n] matriarch; mother

ชนบท chohnM naH bohtL

[n] country; countryside; rural area

ชราภาวาธิปไตยchaH raaM phaaM waaM thipH bpaL dtaiM

[n] gerontocracy; rule by the elderly

ชลchohnM laH
1.

[n, adj, poet, ancient] water; water-borne

2.

[adj] drowsy; stupid; foolish

ชลประทานchohnM laH bpraL thaanM
1.

[n] irrigation

plus 1 more
ชักเย่อ chakH gaL yuuhrF

[n, prop.n, v, i, colloq] [name of a traditional Thai game/entertainment in the past] tug-of-war; to pull

ชัชวาลchatH chaH waanM

[adj] [is] bright, shining

ชันโรงchanM naH ro:hngM

[n] stingless bee, Trigona sp. (Apidae)

ชันสูตรchanM naH suutL

[v] to investigate; verify; identify; prove; examine; inspect

ชัยพรchaiM yaH phaawnM

[prop.n, pers] Chaiyaporn [a Thai given name] (victory blessing)

ชัยภูมิ chaiM yaH phuumM

[prop.n, geog] Chaiyaphum, a province in northeastern Thailand with a 1995 population of 1,093,063 (rank 15 of 76)

ชานชลาchaanM chaH laaM

[n] train platform [alternative spelling of ชานชาลา]

ชินวัตรchinM naH watH

[prop.n] Shinawatra

ชีพcheepF phaH

[n] life; existence; living

ชุลมุนchoonM laH moonM
1.

[adj] [is] disorderly; undisciplined; chaotic

2.

[v] move in a disorderly manner; mill around/about; rush in a disorderly manner

ซอมซ่อsaawmM maH saawF
1.

[adj] [is] shabby; worn

2.

[adv] shabbily

ญาณทัสนะyaanM thatH saL naH

[n] intuition; enlightened foresight

ฐิตวรรณthitL dtaL wanM

[prop.n] Thitawan [a Thai given name]

ดรรชนี datL chaH neeM
1.

[n, S] index; index finger; forefinger

2.

[n, S] index finger

ดัชนี datL chaH neeM
1.

[n, S] index; index finger; forefinger

2.

[n, S] index finger

ดาษดาdaatL saL daaM

[adj] [is] found everywhere; common

ดุริยางคศิลป์dooL riH yaangM khaH sinR

[n, prop.n] the art of playing music

ดุลพินิจdoonM laH phiH nitH

[n] discretion; judgment; consideration

ดุลยพินิจdoonM laH yaH phiH nitH

[n] discretion; judgment; consideration

ดุษฎีdootL saL deeM
1.

[n, formal, loan, S] pleasure; joy; exultation; admiration; bliss

2.

[adj, formal, loan, S] [is] satisfied; joyful

ดุษฎีนิพนธ์dootL saL deeM niH phohnM

[n] Doctoral thesis; dissertation

ดุษณีdootL saL neeM
1.

[n, formal, loan, S] quietness; silence; stillness; serenity

plus 1 more
ตรรกdtakL gaL

[n] (school of) thought; (type of) thinking; logic; doctrine of reason; conjecture; ideation

ตรัสdtratL saL

[v] [as a king or royalty] to say; remark; speak; declare; pronounce

ตฤณมัย dtrinM naH maiM

[n] turf

ตั๊กแตน dtakH gaL dtaaenM

[n] grasshopper; mantis

ติณชาติdtinM naH chaatF

[n] grass

ตุ๊กตา dtookH gaL dtaaM
1.

[n] doll; mannequin; stuffed animal

2.

hypothetical situation; straw-man (as in "straw-man argument")

ทรรศน์thatH saL

[n, adj, formal, loan, S] vision; view; scene; sight; exhibition; perspective

ทรรศนะthatH saL naH

[n, adj, formal, loan, S] vision; view; scene; sight; exhibition; perspective

ทรัพยากรsapH phaH yaaM gaawnM

[n, pl, formal, loan, P] resource(s); natural resource(s)

ทฤษฎีthritH saL deeM
1.

[n] theory

2.

[clsf] [numerical classifier for theories]

ทศthohtH saL
1.

[adj, formal, poet, loan, S] ten

2.

[n, formal, poet, loan, S] edge of a strip of cloth

ทศทิศthohtH saL thitH

[n] ten directions; the compass; eight linear directions plus up and down

ทศพิธราชธรรมthohtH saL phitH raatF chaH thamM

[n] the 10 virtues of the king

ทศวรรษthohtH saL watH

[n] decade

ทันตแพทยสภาthanM dtaL phaaetF thaH yaH saL phaaM

[n, prop.n] Dental Council (of Thailand)

ทัศนthatH saL naH

[adj, formal, loan, S] visual

ทัศนคติthatH saL naH khaH dtiL

[n] view point; angle; aspect; point of view; perspective; attitude

ทัศนะ thatH saL naH

[n] attitude

ทัศนาจรthatH saL naaM jaawnM
1.

[v, loan, S] to tour; to go sight-seeing

plus 1 more
ทัศนีย์thatH saL neeM

[prop.n] Tussanee [a Thai given name]

ทัศนียภาพthatH saL neeM yaH phaapF

[n] scenery; scene; sight; landscape; view; sight-seeing; panorama

ทารุณกรรมthaaM roonM naH gamM
1.

[n] abuse; torture

2.

[v] to abuse; torture

plus 1 more
ทินthinM naH
1.

[n, adj, P, S] day; daily

2.

[v] to give

ทุคตะthookH khaH dtaL

[adj] [is] poor; distressed; wretched; indigent

ทุคติ thookH khaH dtiL

[n] hell

ทุทรรศนนิยมthooH thatH saL naH niH yohmM

[n] pessimism; cynicism; nihilism

ทุนthoonM naH

[n] assets, cost, fund, investments, capital, subsidy

ทุพพลภาพthoopH phohnM laH phaapF

[adj] [is] disabled; crippled; deformed; maimed

เทพthaehpF phaH
1.

[n] angel; fairy; god; deity; divine being

2.

[adj] divine; god-like; king; prince; princess

3.

[shortened form of the name for Bangkok กรุงเทพฯ]

เทพย thaehpF phaH yaH

[n, S] deity; god; divine being; angel

เทศthaehtF saL
1.

[n] foreigner; country; region; place; spot; location; part; portion; institute

2.

[adj] foreign; alien; local; municipal

เทศกาล thaehtF saL gaanM

[n] the time and location for a religious festival, a holiday season

เทศกิจthaehtF saL gitL

[n] municipal official (whose duty is to take care of cleanness)

เทศนา thaehtF saL naaM
1.

[v] to preach; give a sermon

2.

[v] to scold, castigate, lecture (someone who has done something wrong)

เทศบาล thaehtF saL baanM
1.

[n] town hall

2.

[adj] [is] municipality

โทมนัสtho:hmM maH natH

[n] sadness; sorrow; grief; dejection; melancholy; depression

โทษtho:htF saL
1.

[n, formal, loan, P] punishment; penalty; penance; guilt; blame; offence; crime; penalty; ill-effect; harm; danger; fault; defect; sinfulness; misdeed

2.

[v, t, i, formal, loan, P] to blame; to criminate; to accuse; to charge; to impeach

ธนาธิปไตยthaH naaM thipH bpaL dtaiM

[n] plutocracy

ธรรมthamM maH
1.

[n, loan, P] dharma; religious teaching; religious duty

2.

[n, loan, P] virtue; morality; precept; scruples; rightneousness; principles; doctrine

3.

[n, loan, P] morals and ethics; the good and decent principles of life

4.

[n, loan, P] truth; enlightenment

5.

[n, loan, P] justice; fairness

6.

[n, loan, P] rule; law; regulation

plus 7 more
ธรรมการย์thamM maH gaanM

[n] righteousness; cause of virtue

ธรรมดาthamM maH daaM
1.

[adj, loan, P] [is] usual; ordinary; normal; average; plain; regular; natural; common

2.

[n, loan, P] natural state; natural law; nature; custom; habit

ธรรมนูญ thamM maH nuunM
1.

[n] constitutional law

2.

[n] charter

ธรรมภิบาลthamM maH phiH baanM

[n] good governance

ธรรมยุติกนิกายthamM maH yooH dtiL gaL niH gaaiM

[prop.n] Dhammayutika Sect (of Buddhism)

ธรรมาธิษฐานthamM maaM thitH saL thaanR

[n] teaching with reference to ideas

ธัญthanM yaH

[n, adj, formal, loan, P] grain

ธัญชาติthanM yaH chaatF

[n] paddy; rice of various kinds; grains

ธัญบุรีthanM yaH booL reeM

[prop.n, geog] Thanyaburi

ธิปไตยthipH bpaL dtaiM

[n] [used as a suffix] governance; governing

นพnohpH phaH
1.

[adj, formal, poet, loan, P] [Pali numeral] nine; [usually used as a prefix] ninth

2.

[prop.n, pers] Nop [a common Thai nickname]

นพคุณnohpH phaH khoonM

[n, prop.n] Nopakhoon [a Thai male name] (gold)

นพมาศ nohpH phaH maatF
นางนพมาศ

[prop.n, pers] Noppamas, granddaughter of พ่อขุนรามคำแหงมหาราช, a court lady of exceptional wit and charm; she was believed to be the first to have devised the กระทง  and to have raised court practices to a high standard

นมัสการnaH matH saL gaanM

[v] to worship; to pay respects (to); to pay homage (to); to pay obeisance (to); pay salutation to

นรีเวชกรรมnaH reeM waehtF chaH gamM

[n] (the practice of) gynecology

นรีเวชวิทยาnaH reeM waehtF wiH thaH yaaM

[n] Gynecology

นรีเวชศาสตร์naH reeM waehtF chaH saatL

[n] Gynecology

นเรศวรnaH raehM suaanR

[prop.n] King Naresuan

นวัตกรรมnaH watH dtaL gamM

[n] innovation; change; alteration; novelty; newness; modernization

นัยนnaiM yaH naH

[n, adj, poet] [relating to the eye or eyes]

นัยนา naiM yaH naaM
1.

[prop.n] Naiyana [a Thai female given name] (eye)

2.

[n, poet, P] eyes

นานัปการnaaM napH bpaL gaanM

[n] diverse, a variety of; many (things)

นามธรรมnaamM maH thamM

[adj] [is] abstract

นาวิกnaaM wikH gaL

[n] navigator; sailor; helmsman; steersman

น่าอัปยศnaaF apL bpaL yohtH

[adj, adj] [is] shameful; disgraceful; embarrassing; humiliating

นิคหิต nikH khaH hitL

[n, loan, P, S] Anusvara; niggahita; [name of] the mark (อํ) indicating nasalisation (or an unspecified nasal) of the vowel associated with the consonant (such as อิ or อา becoming อึ or อำ respectively)

นิตยสาร nitH dtaL yaH saanR

[n] magazine

นิตยาnitH dtaL yaaM

[prop.n] Nittaya [a Thai given name]

นิทรรศการ niH thatH saL gaanM

[n] exhibition

เนติบริกรnaehM dtiL baL riH gaawnM

[n] political counsel (pejorative); political and legal operative; legal manipulator for those in political power; political consigliere

เนติบัณฑิตยสภาnaehM dtiL banM thitH dtaL yaH saL phaaM

[n, prop.n] Bar Association (of Thailand)

บรมbaawM rohmM maH

[adj, formal, loan, P] extreme; supreme; most excellent; highest; most exalted

บรรลัยbanM laiM yaH

[v] [is] destroyed; ruined

บัพชาbapL phaH chaaM

[v] to ordain

บัพชิตbapL phaH chitH

[n] cleric

บาทbaatL thaH
1.

[n, formal] Thai currency: Baht (TH฿)

1b.

[n, formal, ancient] foot

1c.

[clsf] [numerical classifier for amounts of money]

2.

[n] a foot (line) of a poem

2c.

[clsf] [numerical classifier for a foot of a poem]

2d.

[n] unit of Thai weight

plus 1 more
บุคคลิกภาพbookL khaH likH gaL phaapF

[n] personality

บุคลากร bookL khaH laaM gaawnM

[n] personnel; staff; crew

บุคลาธิษฐานbookL khaH laaM thitH thaanR

[n, formal, loan, S] personification

บุคลิก bookL khaH likH

[n] personality; characteristics of a person

บุคลิกbookL khaH likH gaL

[n] personality; characteristics of a person

บุณมีboonM naH meeM

[n, poet] the full moon

บุพการีboopL phaH gaaM reeM

[n] parent; ancestor; father and mother

บุพบทboopL phaH bohtL
คำบุพบท

[n] [grammar] preposition

บุษบกbootL saL bohkL

[n] a portable throne with a roof

บุษบง bootL saL bohngM
1.

[n] flower; lotus; water-lily

2.

a beautiful woman

บุษบันbootL saL banM
1.

[n] flower; lotus; water-lily

2.

a beautiful woman

บุษบา bootL saL baaM

[n] flower; blossom

บุษราคัม bootL saL raaM khamM
1.

[n, prop.n, formal, loan, S] topaz or yellow sapphire

2.

[n, prop.n, pers, formal, loan, S] Busarakham [a Thai female given name] (yellow sapphire)

โบราณbo:hM raanM naH
1.

[adj] [is] ancient

plus 2 more
ปกติbpohkL gaL dtiL
1.

[adj] [is] normal; natural; usual; common

2.

[n] natural state; normality

4.

[adv] usually; normally

plus 1 more
ปฏิปทาbpaL dtipL bpaL thaaM

[n] mode of practices; way; path; behavior; conduct; course; procedure

ปฐพีbpohtL thaL pheeM

[n, poet, loan, P] earth; land; soil

ปฐมภูมิbpaL thohmR maH phuumM

[adj] [is] primary; fundamental

ปรกติ bprohkL gaL dtiL

[adj] [is] normal; usual; routine

ปรมาตมันbpaL raH maatF dtaL manM

[n] Brahmin

ประกาศนียบัตรbpraL gaatL saL neeM yaH batL

[n, formal, loan, S] diploma; certificate

ประชาธิปไตย bpraL chaaM thipH bpaL dtaiM

[n] democracy

ประชาธิปัตยภิวัฒน์bpraL chaaM thiH bpatL dtaL yaH phiH watH

[n] democratization

ประดิษbpraL ditL saL
1.

to invent; create; coin; conceive; design; devise; discover; formulate; improvise; originate; think up; make up; concoct; cook up (informal); fabricate; feign; forge; manufacture; trump up

3.

[prop.n] Pradit [a Thai given name]

plus 2 more
ประทุษกรรมbpraL thootH saL gamM

[v] to do harm

ประธานาธิบดี bpraL thaaM naaM thipH baawM deeM

[n] [of a country] the president

ประธานาธิปดีbpraL thaaM naaM thipH bpaL deeM

[n] president; president of the republic

ปรัศนีbpratL saL neeM

[n] [the question mark, ?] a query; an interrogation point

ปราถนาbpraatL thaL naaM
1.

[v] to wish for; to desire

3.

[prop.n] Prathana [Thai female given name]

plus 1 more
ปรารถนา bpraatL thaL naaR
1.

[v] to wish for; to desire

3.

[prop.n] Prathana [Thai female given name]

plus 1 more
ปราศbpraatL saL

[adj] [is] deprived of; free from; without; rid of

ปริวรรตกรรมbpaL riH watH dtaL gamM

[n] circulation; distribution

ปริศนา bpritL saL naaR

[n] riddle; word puzzle; question

ปฤษฎางค์bpritL saL daangM
1.

[n] back

plus 1 more
ปลาสนาการbpaL laatF saL naaM gaanM

[v] to disappear, run away

ปักเป้า bpakL gaL bpaoF
1.

[n] the female kite; diamond shaped with a long tail

plus 1 more
ปัจฉิมบทbpatL chimR maH bohtL

[n] epilogue

ปัตคาตbpatL dtaL khaatF

[n] [Thai massage] [certain] blood vessels in the thigh

ปัถพีbpatL thaL pheeM

land; earth

ปัศตัน bpatL saL dtanM

[n] a breach-loading gun such as a revolver or pistol

ปูชนียบุคคลbpuutL chaH neeM yaH bookL khohnM

venerable person

โปรเพนbpro:hM phaehnM

[loan, Eng] propane

ผลphohnR laH
1.

[n, P] effect; result; consequence; outcome; product of; impact

2.

[n, P] fruit

2b.

[clsf, P] [numerical classifier for fruit]

plus 2 more
ผลิตphaL litL dtaL
1.

[v, t, i, formal, loan, P] to manufacture; to produce

plus 3 more
ผลิตภาพphlitL dtaL phaapF

[n] productivity

ผัคคุณมาสphakL khoonM naH maatF

[prop.n] the fourth lunar month

พจนานุกรม phohtH jaL naaM nooH grohmM

[n, formal, loan, P] dictionary

พจมานphohtH jaL maanM

[prop.n] Pojaman [Thai woman's given name]

พยช phaH yohtH chaH

[v] to ride upon; to drive

พรรณนา phanM naH naaM
1.

[v] to describe; depict; explain

2.

to narrate; relate; explain

พรรดึก phanM raH deukL

[n] lump of hardened feces; coprolite

พรหมphrohmM maH
1.

[prop.n] Brahma, a Hindu deity

2.

[n] [general] deity

3.

[adj, formal, loan, P] Brahman; of, relating or pertaining to Bhraman ideas, beliefs, etc.

5.

[is] sublime

plus 1 more
พระบรมราโชวาทphraH baL rohmM maH raaM cho:hM waatF

[n] royal guidance/tutelage

พระบรมรูปphraH baL rohmM maH ruupF

[n] statue of a king; royal statues

พระบรมวงศ์เธอphraH baL rohmM maH wohngM thuuhrM

[n] prince/princess; grandson/granddaughter of the king

พระบรมวงศานุวงศ์phraH baL rohmM maH wohngM saaR nooH wohngM

[n] member of the royal family; royalty

พระพุทธรูปphraH phooH thohtH thaH ruupF

[n] Buddha image; statue of the Buddha

พระรัตนตรัยphraH ratH dtaL naH dtraiM
1.

[n, formal, loan, P] The Triple Gem

plus 1 more
พระราชทานphraH raatF chaH thaanM

[v] to give; confer; royally presented by the king

พระราชประสงค์phraH raatF chaH bpraL sohngR

[n] royal intention

พระราชวงศ์phraH raatF chaH wohngM

[n] royal family; royalty

พระราชสมภพphraH raatF chaH sohmR phohpH

[v] royal birth

พระราชเสาวนีย์phraH raatF chaH saoR waH neeM

[n] The words of the Queen; A statement by the Queen

พระราชหัตถเลขาphraH raatF chaH hatL thaL laehM khaaR

[n] royal writing

พระราชอัธยาศัยphraH raatF chaH atL thaH yaaM saiR

[n] royal command; at the royal pleasure

พฤศจิก phreutH saL jikL
ราศีพฤศจิก

[n, prop.n, formal, loan, S] Thai Zodiac sign for Scorpio, the eighth sign of the zodiac

พฤศจิกายน phreutH saL jiL gaaM yohnM

[n] November

พฤษภาคม phreutH saL phaaM khohmM

[n] May

พฤหัสบดี phreuH hatL saL baawM deeM
1.

[n, formal] [formal, general] Jupiter

plus 2 more
พฤหัสบดีphaH reuH hatL saL baawM deeM
1.

[n, formal] [formal, general] Jupiter

plus 2 more
พลphohnM laH
1.

[n, loan, P] power; force; strength; violence; military force

2.

[n, loan, P] troops; soldiers; forces; plebes

3.

[n, prop.n, pers, loan, P] low member of military or police force

4.

[n, prop.n, pers, loan, P] general; General [military rank]

5.

[adj, loan, P] mediocre; indifferent; ordinary

พลวัตphohnM laH watH
1.

[adj] [is] dynamic

2.

[n] dynamism

พะยุพยุงphaH yoopH phaH yoongM

[v] to help; assist

พัชนีphatH chaH neeM

[n] fan used by a Buddhist monk

พัชรพรphatH chaH raH phaawnM

[prop.n] Patcharabhorn [a Thai given name]

พัฒนา phatH thaH naaM
1.

[v] to develop

3.

[prop.n] Pattana [a Thai given name]

plus 1 more
พัทยา phatH thaH yaaM
1.

[n] a tax or tithe

2.

[n] the southwest wind

3.

[prop.n, geog, formal] Pattaya, the beach resort on the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Bangkok

พัทลุง phatH thaH loongM

[prop.n, geog] Phattalung, a province in southern Thailand with a 1995 population of 491,326 (rank 48 of 76)

พัลวัน phanM laH wanM

[adv] haphazardly; confusedly; in a disorganized fashion

พัศดีphatH saL deeM

[n, formal, loan, S] the governor of a jail; warden; jailer

พัสดุ phatH saL dooL
1.

[n] article; object; good; possession; belonging; ware

2.

[n] supplies; parcel post; package

พัสถานphatH saL thaanR

[n] property; possession; belongings

พาณิชยกรรมphaaM nitH chaH yaH gamM

[n] commerce; trade

พาณิชยการphaaM nitH chaH yaH gaanM

[n] commerce; trade

พาณิชยศาสตร์phaaM nitH chaH yaH saatL

[n] Commerce

พิทยphitH thaH yaH
1.

[n, formal, loan, P] science; knowledge; learning; philosophy

2.

[prop.n] Witya [a Thai given name]

พิทยาphitH thaH yaaM
1.

[n, formal, loan, P] science; knowledge; learning; philosophy

2.

[prop.n] Witya [a Thai given name]

พิทยาคมphitH thaH yaaM khohmM
1.

[n] study; knowledge

2.

[prop.n] suffix for name of secondary school in Thailand

พิทยาคารphitH thaH yaaM khaanM

[n] school

พิพิธภัณฑ์ phiH phitH thaH phanM

[n] museum

พิศวงphitH saL wohngR
1.

[adj, formal] [is] puzzled about; bewildered; suspicious of

plus 1 more
พิศวาสphitH saL waatL
1.

[n, poet, P, S] love; intimacy; affection; tenderness

2.

[adj] [is] loving; affectionate; tender

3.

to love

พิษฐานphitH saL thaanR
1.

[n] vow; will; resolution; wish

2.

[v] to (make a) wish

พิษณุโลก phitH saL nooH lo:hkF

[prop.n, geog] Pitsanulok, a province in northern Thailand with a 1995 population of 846,630 (rank 23 of 76)

พิสดาร phitH saL daanM
1.

[adj] detailed; comprehensive; unabridged

2.

[adj] queer; strange; odd; uncommon; unusual; particular; extraordinary

พิสมัยphitH saL maiR

[v, formal] [formal] to love; to admire; to adore

พุทธมามกะphootH thaH maamM maH gaL

[n] a Buddhist; an adherent to Buddhism

พุทธศตวรรษphootH thaH saL dtaL watH

[n] Buddhist era (B.E.)

พุทธศาสนิกชนphootH thaH saatL saL nikH gaL chohnM

[n] a Buddhist; an adherent to Buddhism

พุทธานุสติphootH thaaM nootH saL dtiL

[n] Recollections of the Buddha; mindfulness of the Buddha

เพทนา phaehtF thaH naaM

[n] feeling; sensation

เพลิงพระราชทานphleerngM phraH raatF chaH thaanM

[n] royally sponsored cremation

แพทยสภาphaaetF thaH yaH saL phaaM

Medical Council of Thailand

แพศยาphaaetF saL yaaR
1.

[n] prostitute

2.

[adj] lustful; wanton; [of morals] loose; licentious; using feminine wiles

plus 1 more
ภควัทคีตาphohkH khaH watH kheeM dtaaM

[prop.n, loan, S] Bhagavad Gita

ภมรีphohmM maH reeM

[n] bee; female bee; queen bee

ภรตศาสตร์phaH rohtH dtaL saatL

science of dancing and singing

ภรรยา phanM raH yaaM

[n] wife

ภัทรบทมาสphatH thaH raH bohtL thaH maatF

[prop.n] the tenth lunar month

ภัสดาphatH saL daaM

[n, loan, P] a husband

ภาคยานุวัติphaakF khaH yaaM nooH watH

[n] accession; a signatory to a multi-lateral or bi-lateral treaty

ภาชนะphaatF chaH naH

[n] container

ภาพphaapF phaH
1.

[n] image; picture; drawing; vision

2.

[n] existence; state; being; [a suffix corresponding to the English suffix "-dom"]

3.

[n] a view, a scenic background

ภาวการณ์phaaoM waH gaanM

[n] situation

ภุมระphoomM maH raH

[n] bee

ภุมวารphoomM maH waanM

[n, loan, P] Tuesday

เภสัชphaehM satL chaH
1.

[n, adj, poet] medicine; pertaining to medicine

2.

[n] seven day tonics [for monks],

โภคทรัพย์pho:hkF khaH sapH

[n] consumable wealth; wealth; property; resource

โภคภัณฑ์pho:hkF khaH phanM

[n] commodity; consumer goods

โภชนาpho:hM chaH naaM

[n] food; nourishment

มกราคม mohkH gaL raaM khohmM

[n] January

มงคลmohngM khohnM laH
1.

[adj] [is] auspicious; favorable

2.

[n] auspiciousness

3.

[n] auspicious item; lucky talisman

4.

[n] auspicious and symbolic thread or garland (as in the headband worn in Thai boxing)

6.

[prop.n] Mongkhon [a Thai given name]

plus 1 more
มนุษยmaH nootH saL yaH

[n, adj, formal, loan, S] human; relating to human

มนุษยmaH nootH saL yaH

[n] human being; man; human; homo sapiens

มนุษยชนmaH nootH saL yaH chohnM

[n] humanity; human beings

มนุษยนิยมmaH nootH saL yaH niH yohmM

[n, aux.v] Humanism

มรรคนายกmakH khaH naaM yohkH

[n, loan, P] a liaison (to goodness or truth); a temple lay official

มฤคทายวันmaH reukH khaH thaaM yaH wanM

[prop.n] Marukathayawan; the deer park where the Buddha first preached

มฤคทายวันmaH reukH khaH thaaiM yaH wanM

[prop.n] Marukathayawan; the deer park where the Buddha first preached

มฤตยูmaH reutH dtaL yuuM
ดาวพระมฤตยู

[n] the planet Uranus

มลmohnM laH
1.

[n] filth; grime; impurity

plus 1 more
มลทัศน์mohnM laH thatH

[n] visual pollution; eyesore; affront to the visual landscape

มลรัฐ mohnM laH ratH

[n] state

มหัศจรรย์maH hatL saL janM
1.

[adj] [is] wonderful; excellent

plus 1 more
มหาตมะmaH haatL dtaL maH

[n, prop.n] Mahatma

มัคนายกmakH khaH naaM yohkH

[n] liaison; spiritual guide; lay temple official

มัทวะmatH thaH waH

[n, loan, P] kindness and gentleness [one of the ten kingly virtues]

มัธยmatH thaH yaH

[n] median; middle value

มัธยม matH thaH yohmM
1.

[n] secondary education; high school

plus 1 more
มัธยมmatH thaH yaH maH
1.

[n] secondary education; high school

plus 1 more
มัธยะmatH thaH yaH

[n] median; middle value

มัธยัสถ์matH thaH yatH

[adj] [is] thrifty; frugal

มัธยัสถ์matH thaH yatH
1.

[v] to economize; save

2.

[adj] [is] thrifty; frugal; economical

มัศยาmatH saL yaaR

[n, loan, S] fish

มัสตาดmatH saL dtaatL

[n, loan, Eng] [Thai transcription of the foreign loanword] mustard

มัสมั่น matH saL manL
แกงมัสมั่น

[n] southern Thai style curry with cinnamon; cardomans; peanuts

มัสยาmatH saL yaaM

[n, loan, S] fish

มัสยิดmatH saL yitH

[n] mosque

มัสยิสmatH saL yitH

[n] mosque

มัสลิน matH saL linM
1.

[n, adj, loan, Eng] [Thai transcription of the foreign loanword] muslin

plus 1 more
มิคสัญญีmikH khaH sanR yeeM

[n] violence and turmoil; calamity; doomsday

มิสกวันmitH saL gaL wanM

[prop.n, geog] Mitgawan; Indra's garden

มุขmookH khaL
1.

[adj] leading; principal; front

2.

[n] front porch; front balcony; verandah

3.

[n, loan, P] face; visage

4.

[n, loan, P] path; way; entrance

5.

[n, loan, P] mouth

6.

[n, loan, P] leader; head; chief

plus 1 more
มุขยmookH khaL yaH

[n, loan, P] principal; leader; chief

มุสลิม mootH saL limM

[adj, loan, Eng] [Thai transcription of the foreign loanword] Muslim

ไมยราบmaiM yaH raapF

[n] the sensitive plant, Mimosa pudica L.

ยม yohmM maH

[prop.n, loan, P] [the personage of] Death

ยัชโญปวีตyatH chaH yo:hM bpweetL

[n] blessed string used in Hindu and Buddhist ceremonies

รณรงค์rohnM naH rohngM

[v, i, formal, loan, P] to campaign

รมณี rohmM maH neeM

[n, poet] woman; lady

รัชratH chaH

[pfx, adj] [prefix pertaining to] royal; imperial; of the king

รัชดาภิเษกratH chaH daaM phiH saehkL
ถนนรัชดาภิเษก

[prop.n, geog] [name of a road in Bangkok] Rajadabhisake; Rachadapisek; etc.

รัชทายาทratH chaH thaaM yaatF

[n] heir to the throne

รัชนratH chaH naH
1.

[v] [of fabric] to dye; to color

2.

[adj] [is] dyed

รัชนีratH chaH neeM

[n] night-time; darkness

รัฐratH thaL
1.

[n] a state or regional division within a country; government

2.

[clsf] [numerical classifier for State]

รัฐบาล ratH thaL baanM

[n] government

รัฐประศาสนศาสตร์ratH thaL bpraL saatL saL naH saatL

[n] Political and Administrative Science; science of administration; (study of) Public Administration

รัตนratH dtaL naH
1.

[adj, formal, poet, loan, P] jewel, precious stone, gem; excellent thing, valuable or desirable thing

2.

[n, prop.n, pers, formal, loan, P] Rut; Rat; Rutna [a Thai female given name or nickname] (precious stone, gem)

รัตนตรัยratH dtaL naH dtraiM

[n] the Triple Gem

รัตนาratH dtaL naaM
1.

[adj, formal, poet, loan, P] jewel, precious stone, gem; excellent thing, valuable or desirable thing

2.

[n, prop.n, pers, formal, loan, P] Rut; Rat; Rutna [a Thai female given name or nickname] (precious stone, gem)

รัศมี ratH saL meeR
1.

[n] ray of light

2.

[n] illumination; brilliance; glow

3.

[n] radius

4.

[n] influence; prestige; fame; power

รัษฎากรratH saL daaM gaawnM

revenue collected by a country or state; national revenue

รัสratH saL

[adj, loan, P] short

ราช raatF chaH
1.

[adj] royal; imperial; of the king; of the crown; regal

plus 1 more
ราชการ raatF chaH gaanM
1.

[n] civil service; public service; government service; bureaucracy

2.

[n] official business

ราชกิจจานุเบกษาraatF chaH gitL jaaM nooH baehkL saaR

the Government Gazette; the publication for all official notices

ราชดำเนิน raatF chaH damM neernM

[prop.n] Rajdamnern

ราชดำริraatF chaH damM riH
ถนนราชดำริ

[prop.n, geog] [name of a road in Bangkok] Rajdumri; Rajadamri; Ratchadamri; etc.

ราชทัณฑ์raatF chaH thanM
1.

Department of Corrections

2.

punishment by royal decree; a penalty imposed by the king

ราชทินนามraatF thinM naH naamM

[n] title conferred by the king

ราชเทวีraatF chaH thaehM weeM
เขตราชเทวี

[prop.n] [administrative district of Bangkok] Ratchathewi

ราชธานี raatF chaH thaaM neeM

[n] a metropolis; important city

ราชนิกุลraatF chaH niH goonM

[n, formal, loan, P] [royal use only] king's relatives; members of the royal family; one descended from the queen's lineage

ราชบัณฑิตยสภาraatF chaH banM thitH dtaL yaH saL phaaM

[prop.n] [new name for] The Royal Institute

ราชบุรี raatF chaH booL reeM

[prop.n, geog] Ratchaburi, a province in central Thailand with a 1995 population of 798,076 (rank 27 of 76)

ราชประสงค์raatF chaH bpraL sohngR

[prop.n, geog] Rajaprasong

ราชพฤกษ์raatF chaH phreukH
1.

[n, adj] [general] golden shower tree; Indian Laburnum; Pudding-Pine Tree; Purging Cassia, Cassis fistula (Leguminosae) (Linn.)

plus 2 more
ราชภักดิ์raatF chaH phakH
1.

[prop.n] Rajabhakti [name of a park in Hua Hin, Thailand]

plus 1 more
ราชภัฏraatF chaH phatH
1.

[n] government official

2.

[prop.n] [part of name of multiple universities in Thailand] Rajabhat

ราชวงศ์ raatF chaH wohngM

[n] dynasty

ราชวงศานุวงศ์raatF chaH wohngM saaR nooH wohngM

[n] members of the royal family

ราชสีมาraatF chaH seeR maaM

Ratchasima

ราพณาสูร raapF phaH naaM suunR

[prop.n, pers] Ravana, a demon king in the Ramayana epic

รามเกียรติ์raamM maH giianM

[n, prop.n, formal, poet, ancient, loan, P] the Thai version of รามายณะ

ราษฎรraatF saL daawnM

[n] citizens; population; the people; the populace; the masses

รูปruupF bpaL
1.

[n] shape; form; contour; appearance; similarity-to

2.

[n] picture; image; a likeness; painting

3.

[clsf] [numerical classifier for Buddhist priests, photographs]

4.

[adj] [is] concrete; something which can be perceived by the eye

รูปการณ์ruupF bpaL gaanM

[n] circumstance; case; condition; situation

รูปธรรมruupF bpaL thamM

[adj] concrete (figurative); in a concrete manner; solid; factual; substantial

ฤคเวทreukH khaH waehtF

[prop.n, loan, S] The Rg-Veda—one of the three ancient Hinduism writs

ลัคนาlakH khaH naaM

[n] the astrological sign under which one was born

ลิขสิทธิ์ likH khaL sitL

[n] copyright

โลกุตรธรรมlo:hM gootL dtaL raH thamM

[n] supra-mundane states, transcendent; in the hereafter

วงศาคณาญาติwohngM saaR khaH naaM yaatF

[n] a circle of one's kinsmen; relatives; relations; extended family

วรรณwanM naH
1.

[prop.n] Wann [a common Thai female given name]

2.

[n] letter; book

3.

[n] color; tint; tone

4.

[n] skin; complexion

5.

[n] caste; class

วรรณคดีwanM naH khaH deeM

[n, loan, P] literature

วัชพืชwatH chaH pheuutF

[n] weed

วัชราภรณ์watH chaH raaM phohnM

[prop.n] Watcharaporn [a Thai given name]

วัฏจักรwatH dtaL jakL

[n] cycle; cycle of life

วัฒนธรรม watH thaH naH thamM

[n] culture; civil behavior

วัฒนาwatH thaH naaM
1.

[prop.n, pers] Wattana [a Thai given name] (development, evolution)

plus 1 more
วัณโรคwanM naH ro:hkF

[n] tuberculosis; T.B.

วัดอรุณราชวรารามwatH aL roonM raatF chaH waH raaM raamM

[prop.n] Wat Arun (formal name)

วันwanM naH
1.

[n] day

2a.

[n, loan, Eng] [Thai transcription of the foreign loanword] one

4.

[n] forest grove; jungle grove

plus 2 more
วัยวุฒิwaiM yaH wootH

[n] seniority; superiority in age

วัยวุฒิwaiM yaH wooH thiH

[n] seniority; superiority in age

วัสดุ watH saL dooL
1.

[n] material

2.

ingredients

วากยwaakF gaL yaH

[n, formal, loan, P] words; words of the mouth; speech; sentence; utterance

วากยะwaakF gaL yaH

[n, formal, loan, P] words; words of the mouth; speech; sentence; utterance

วาทกรรมwaatF thaH gamM

[n] discourse

วาทยกรwaatF thaH yaH gaawnM

[n] a conductor (of music)

วาสนา waatF saL naaR

[n] good fortune due to past good deeds; luck; lot in life

วิกตรรถกริยาwikH gaL dtatL griL yaaM

[n] [grammar] auxiliary verb

วิกฤตwiH gritL dtaL
1.

[adj] [is] critical

2.

[n] crisis

3.

[adj] [is] deformed; altered; unnatural; strange

วิกาลโภชน์ wiH gaanM laH pho:htF

[n, formal, loan, P] the act of having meals at an improper time or at night-time

วิทยฐานะwitH thaH yaH thaaR naH

[n] academic standing; academic qualification

วิทยา witH thaH yaaM
1.

[n, formal, loan, P] science; knowledge; learning; philosophy

2.

[prop.n] Witya [a Thai given name]

วิทยาคมwitH thaH yaaM khohmM
1.

[n] incantations; magic; occult sciences

2.

[prop.n] suffix for name of secondary school in Thailand

วิทยาทานwitH thaH yaaM thaanM

[n] instruction; education

วิทยารามwitH thaH yaaM raamM

[prop.n] Wittayaram

วิทยาลัย witH thaH yaaM laiM
1.

[n, formal, loan, P] college

2.

[clsf] [numerical classifier for colleges]

วิทยุ witH thaH yooH
1.

[n] radio

2.

[v] to call someone by radio

วิปโยคwipH bpaL yo:hkF

[adj] [is] tragic; sorrowful; grievous; miserable; pitiful

วิปลาส wipH bpaL laatF

[v, i] [is] strange; queer; eccentric; abnormal

วิภวตัณหาwipH phaH waH dtanM haaR

[n] craving for non-existence

วิยุตคณิตwiH yootH dtaL khaH nitH

[n] Discrete Mathematics

วิวัฒนาการ wiH watH thaH naaM gaanM

[n] evolution

วิศวกร witH saL waH gaawnM

[n] [general] engineer

วิศวกรรม witH saL waH gamM

[n] engineering

วิษณุwitH saL nooH
1.พระวิษณุ

[n, prop.n, pers, formal] [Hinduism] (in popular Hinduism) a deity believed to have descended from heaven to earth in several incarnations, or avatars, varying in number from nine to twenty-two, but always including animals. His most important human incarnation is the Krishna of the Bhagavad-Gita

2.พระวิษณุ

[n, prop.n, formal] [Hinduism] “the Pervader,” one of a half-dozen solar deities in the Rig-Veda, daily traversing the sky in three strides, morning, afternoon, and night

3.พระวิษณุ

[n, prop.n, pers, formal] [Hinduism] (in later Hinduism) "the Preserver," the second member of the ตรีมูรติ (Trimurti), along with พระพรหม  (Brahma the Creator) and พระศิวะ (Shiva the Destroyer)

วิสกี้witH saL geeF

[loan, Eng] [Thai transcription of the foreign loanword] "whiskey", "whisky"

วิสัชนาwiH satL chaH naaM
1.

[n, formal, loan, P] [formal term] an answer, a reply

2.

to answer; reply

วิสุงคามสีมาwiH soongR khaamM maH seeR maaM

[n] a land grant set apart for the Sangha of a monastery; consecrated boundaries; consecrated area; concession; a tract of land officially granted to the Sangha for establishing the boundaries of the jurisdiction of a community of monks

วีรคติweeM raH khaH dtiL

[n] chivalry

เวชwaehtF chaH

[n, formal, loan, P] doctor; physician; medicine

เวชศาสตร์waehtF chaH saatL

[n] Medical science; [the study or practice of] medicine

เวทนา waehtF thaH naaM
1.

[v] to pity; to have compassion for; to sympathize with

2.

[n] sensation; feeling; perception; sensation; pain; suffering

เวศยาwaehtF saL yaaR

[n] prostitute; harlot; whore

ไวยาวัจกรwaiM yaaM watH jaL gaawnM

[n] churchwarden; layperson temple affairs manager

ศรีธรรมราชseeR thamM maH raatF

[prop.n] Sri Thammarat

ศรีวิชัยseeR wiH chaiM yaH

[prop.n, geog] Srivijaya, an ancient Malay kingdom on the island of Sumatra

ศักดาsakL gaL daaM
1.

[n] might; prowess; force; vigor

2.

[prop.n] Sakada [a Thai given name]

ศักย sakL gaL yaH
1.

[n] electric potential; voltage

plus 1 more
ศักราช sakL gaL raatL

[n] era

ศัพทมูลวิทยาsapL thaH muunM laH witH yaaM

[n] Etymology

ศัลย sanR laH yaH
1.ศัลยกรรม

[n] [the practice of] surgery

2.ศัลยศาสตร์

[n] [the science of] surgery

3.ศัลยแพทย์

[n] surgeon

ศากย saakL gaL yaH

[prop.n] Sakya; an ancient tribe of India

ศาสดาsaatL saL daaM

[n, loan, S] master; religious founder; the Buddha; prophet; teacher; instructor; tutor; punisher; chastiser; ruler; director

ศาสนา saatL saL naaR
1.

[n] religion; creed

2.

[clsf] [numerical classifier for religions]

ศาสนาจารย์saatL saL naaM jaanM

[n] preacher; teacher of religion

ศาสนิกชนsaaR saL nikH gaL chohnM

[n, formal, loan, S] [formal term] one who professes his or her belief or faith in a religion

ศาสนิกสนทนาsaatL saL niH gaL sohnR thaH naaM

[n] interfaith dialog

ศาสนูปถัมภกsaatL saL nuupF thamR phohkH

[n] defender of the faith

ศิลปsinR laH bpaL
1.

[n, formal, loan, P, S] [Sanskrit prefix or suffix meaning] artistic, [or pertaining to] art crafts

2.

[n, formal, loan, P, S] art, the arts; artistic technique

ศิลปะsinR laH bpaL
1.

[n, formal, loan, P, S] [Sanskrit prefix or suffix meaning] artistic, [or pertaining to] art crafts

2.

[n, formal, loan, P, S] art, the arts; artistic technique

ศิษยานุศิษย์sitL saL yaaM nooH sitL

[n] all of one’s students, past and present; students who revere a particular teacher or professor

ศีลseenR laH
1.

[n] a religious commandment or precept, sacrament

2.

[clsf] [numerical classifier for precept or religious commandments]

4.

[n] [Buddhism] high moral character; morality; good conduct

plus 1 more
ศุภsoopL phaH

[adj, loan, S] auspicious

ศุภนิมิตsoopL phaH niH mitH

good omen; good dream; auspicious time; propitious sign; auspice; dream foretelling fortune, good luck

ศุภผลsoopL phaH phohnR

[prop.n] Suppaphon [a Thai given name]

ศุภมาสsoopL phaH maatF

[n] auspicious month

ศุภรัตน์soopL phaH ratH

[prop.n] Supparat [a Thai given name]

ศุภวิทย์soopL phaH witH

[prop.n] Supawit [a Thai given name]

ศุภอักษรsoopL phaH akL saawnR

[n] letter of a vassal king

ศุลกากร soonR laH gaaM gaawnM

[n] customs; import taxation; douane

เศวตฉัตรsaL waehtL dtaL chatL

[n] white tiered umbrella of kingship (symbol of the monarchy)

สกปรก sohkL gaL bprohkL
1.

[adj] [is] dirty; not clean; filthy; foul

3.

[adj] [is] snide; obscene

plus 1 more
สถานsaL thaanR naH
1.

[n] place; site; location; locality

2.

[n] duty; honor; rank; status

3.

[n] thing; kind; item

สถาปัตยกรรมsaL thaaR bpatL dtaL yaH gamM

[n, formal, loan, P] architecture

สนามราชมังคลากีฬาสถานsaL naamM raatF chaH mangM khaH laaM geeM laaM saL thaanR

[prop.n] Rajamangala National Stadium

สเป็กโทรสโขปsaL bpekL thro:hM saL kho:hpL

[n, loan, Eng] [Thai transcription of foreign loan word] spectroscope

สมsohmR maH
1.

[v] to accumulate; collect; gather; amass; hoard; store; increase

2.

[adj] [is] equal; the same; matched; equivalent

สมนาsohmR maH naaM

[v] to repay; to do (fo someone) in return

สมนาคุณsohmR maH naaM khoonM

[v] to repay a debt of gratitude; to return a favor to a benefactor

สมรรถsaL matH thaL

[adj, loan, P, S] able; capable; strong; powerful; brave; skilful; proper

สมรรถนะsaL matH thaL naH

[n] capacity; capability; ability; aptitude

สมานฉันท์saL maanM naH chanR

[n] reconciliation; harmony

สยามsaL yaamM maH
1.

[prop.n, adj] "Siam," the former name for Thailand; Siamese

2.

[prop.n] Siam Square [shopping destination in Bangkok]

สรรพsapL phaH

[adj] every; whole; all; complete; entire; universal

สรรพนาม sapL phaH naamM
คำสรรพนาม

[n, pl, formal] [grammar] pronoun; pronouns

สฬายตนะsaL laaiM yaH dtaL naH

[n, adj] [Buddhist] six sense-bases

สักหลาด sakL gaL laatL

[n] flannel; woolen cloth or fabric

สังคายนาsangR khaaiM yaH naaM
1.

[v] to check up; sort out; revise; correct

2.

[v] to chant in unison

สังหาริมทรัพย์sangR haaR rimM maH sapH

[n, formal, loan, P] [laws] movable property; effects; personal property

สัจsatL jaL
1.

[n] truth; truthfulness; fact; reality

2.

[adj] [is] true; real; factual

สัจนิยมsatL jaL niH yohmM

[n] Realism

สัจพจน์satL jaL phohtH

[n] postulate; axiom

สัจวจนsatL jaL waH jaL naH

[n] right speech; truthful speech

สัจสัมมตาsatL jaL samR maH dtaaM

[n] wise proverb or saying

สัญชาตญาณ sanR chaatF dtaL yaanM

[n] instinct; intuition

สัตภัณฑ์satL dtaL phanM

[n] Northern style candle holder

สัตยาบันsatL dtaL yaaM banM

[n] ratification; confirmation; affirmation

สัตวsatL dtaL waH

[n, adj, part, formal, loan, P] animal; living being; [the prefix] zoo-

สัตวบาลsatL dtaL waH baanM
1.

[n] animal husbandman; livestock raiser; rancher

2.

[n] animal husbandry

สัตวาร satL dtaL waanM

[n] week

สัตหีบsatL dtaL heepL

[n, prop.n] Sattahip, a district in Chonburi, Thailand

สัทวิทยาsatL thaH witH yaaM

[n] Phonology

สัทศาสตร์satL thaH saatL

[n] phonetics

สัทอักษรsatL thaH akL saawnR

[n] phonetic alphabet

สัปคับsapL bpaL khapH

[n] howdah; seat on the back on an elephant

สัปทน sapL bpaL thohnM

[n] ceremonial parasol or umbrella used to signify royal rank

สัปหงกsapL bpaL ngohkL

[v] to nod off while sitting down; doze off

สัปเหร่อ sapL bpaL ruuhrL

[n] undertaker

สัพยอก sapL phaH yaawkF

to speak jestingly; to jest; to joke; to tease; to banter; to make fun; to fool

สาธิตยังsaaR thitH dtaL yangM

[prop.n] Sathittayang [a Thai given name]

สามsaamR maH

[adj] three; the number or quantity three

สารบรรณsaanR raH banM

[n] documents; archives; office correspondence

สารีริกธาตุsaaR reeM rikH gaL thaatF

relics of the Buddha

สาสนา saatL saL naaR

[v, loan, P] to manifest (i.e., religious) power; to display (god's) might

สุขsookL khaL
1.

[adj] [is] well; happy; joyful; satisfied; content; pleased; blissful; still

2.

[pfx, loan, P] [Pali prefix] [pertaining to] health

3.

[n] health

4.

[adj] [is] in good health; well; not ill

6.

[n] happiness; content; bliss; pleasure

plus 3 more
สุคติ sookL khaH dtiL

[n] heaven; bliss; paradise; path to the heaven; path to perfectness or goodness

สุจริตsootL jaL ritL
3.

[adj] [is] honest; decent; scrupulous; [of behavior] innocent

plus 3 more
สุริยุปราคาsooL riH yoopH bpaL raaM khaaM

[n] solar eclipse; eclipse of the sun by the moon

สุวรรณภูมิsooL wanM naH phuumM

[prop.n, geog] Suvarnabhumi

เสถียรsaL thiianR raH
1.

[adj, P] [is] stable; certain

2.

[adj, P] [is] strong; firm; solid; immovable

เสลภูมิsaehnR laH phuumM

[n, prop.n] a district in ร้อยเอ็ด  province

โสมนัสso:hmR maH natH
1.

[v] to be happy; joyful; pleased; joyous; glad

plus 1 more
ไสยsaiR yaH
1.

[n, formal, loan, P] magic art; magic originating from India

2.

[n, formal, loan, P] books of great importance

หม่อมราชวงศ์maawmL raatF chaH wohngM

[n] great-grand-child of a king; Mom Rachawong (a royal title)

หายนภัยhaaiR yaH naH phaiM

[n] disaster and danger

หินhinR naH
1.

[n] stone; rock

2.

[adj] vulgar; wretched; base; mean; low; inferior; deficient

4.

[adj] hard; difficult; intricate; thorny; complicated

plus 1 more
หินยาน hinR naH yaanM

[adj] Hinayana, or Theravada, the vehicle of Buddhism practiced in Thailand, Southeast Asia and Sri Lanka

หิมพานต์himR maH phaanM
1.

[prop.n, geog] Himaphan; Himapan; a cold, high forest of northern India

2.

[prop.n] [name of] the second chapter of Vessantara, Jataka tales

หิมาลัยhiL maaM laiM yaH

[prop.n, geog] Himalaya

หีนยานheenR naH yaanM naH

[adj] Hinayana, or Theravada, the vehicle of Buddhism practiced in Thailand, Southeast Asia and Sri Lanka

อตรรกยะaL dtakL gaL yaH

[adj] irrational [as in จำนวนอตรรกยะ]

อธิกสุรทินaL thikH gaL sooL raH thinM
1.

[n] the day added to February in a leap year

plus 1 more
อธิบดีaL thipH baawM deeM

[n] director-general; chief official

อธิปไตยaL thipH bpaL dtaiM

[n] sovereignty

อนาคตaL naaM khohtH dtaL

the future

อนารยะaL naaM raH yaH
1.

[adj] [is] uncivilized; savage; barbarous

2.

[adj] [is] despicable; base

อนิจกรรมaL nitH jaL gamM

[n] death; demise; end; fate

อนุสติaL nootH saL dtiL
1.

[n] reflection; recollection; constant mindfulness

2.

[n] [a certain] religious precept

อบายมุขaL baaiM yaH mookH
1.

[n] all vices; allurements which lead to ruin

plus 1 more
อพยพ ohpL phaH yohpH
1.

[v] to evacuate; migrate; emigrate

2.

[prop.n] [book of the Old Testament] Exodus

plus 1 more
อภัยโทษaL phaiM yaH tho:htF
1.

[v] to grant a pardon

2.

[n] pardon

plus 2 more
อภิชนาธิปไตยaL phiH chaH naaM thipH bpaL dtaiM

[n] aristocracy

อภิมหาaL phiH maH haaR

[pfx, adj] [prefix] mega; giant; huge

อมรรัตน์aL maawnM raH ratH

[prop.n, pers] Amornrat [a Thai female given name]

อมาตยาธิปไตยaL maatL dtaL yaaM thipH bpaL dtaiM

[n] government by bureaucrats; bureaucratic polity

อมาตยาธิปไตยaL maaM dtaL yaaM thipH bpaL dtaiM

[n] government by bureaucracy; government by civil servants; bureaucratic polity

อยุธยา aL yootH thaH yaaM
1.

[prop.n, geog] Ayutthaya, a province in central Thailand with a 1995 population of 706,502 (rank 33 of 76)

plus 1 more
อรรถรสatL thaL rohtH

[n] beautiful wording; beautiful words; (poetic) flavor; feelings; aesthetic quality

อรรถสิทธิ์atL thaL sitL

[prop.n] Athasit [Thai male given name]

อรรธจันทร์atL thaH janM
1.

[n, formal] grandstand

2.

[clsf] [numerical classifier for grandstands]

3.

stand on which Buddha image is placed

อรรธสระatL thaH saL raH

[n] [sound of halfway between a vowel and a consonant; a semi-vowel]

อรัญวาสีaL ranM yaH waaM seeR

[n] forest monk; monk who resides outside a town or village

อลวน ohnM laH wohnM

[adj, formal] confused; disordered; chaotic; disorganized; higgledy-piggledy; in disarray; jumbled; mixed up; topsy-turvy; untidy; tumultuous; disordered

อลเวงohnM laH waehngM
1.

[adj, colloq] [is] tumultuous; chaotic; wild; boisterous; riotous; rowdy; turbulent; unruly; reverbverating; loud; resonant; noisy; uproarious

plus 1 more
อลหม่านohnM laH maanL
1.

[adj] [is] tumultuous; turbulent; confused; perplexed; disordered; disorderly; unorganized; in disorder; undisciplined; chaotic; disturbing

2.

[v] to move in a disorderly manner; mill around/about; rush in a disorderly manner

อวดอุตริมนุสธรรมuaatL ootL dtaL riH maH nootH saL thamM

[v] to claim to have achieved enlightenment

อวัยวะ aL waiM yaH waH

[n] organ; body part; member; limb

อวิโรธนะaL wiH ro:htF thaH naH

[n] nondeviation from righteousness; conformity to the law [one of the ten kingly virtues]

อสัญaL sanR yaH

[adj, formal, loan, P] unconscious; without any feeling

อัคนีakL khaH neeM

[adj] [is] igneous

อัครมหาเสนาบดีakL khaH raH maH haaR saehR naaM baL deeM

[n, arch] Prime Minister

อัครมเหสีakL raH maH haehR seeR

[n] queen; consort

อัญanM yaH
1.

[prn, formal, poet, arch, ancient, loan, Khm] I; me

2.

[adj, formal, poet, loan, P] other; different; differing; unlike the others

อัญประกาศanM yaH bpraL gaatL

[n] quotation marks; speech marks

อัฐatL thaL
1.

[n, prop.n, formal, arch] [an obsolete unit of the old Siam currency] money; satang

2.

[adj, loan, P] [Pali numeral] eight; [usually used as a prefix] eighth

อัฒจันทร์atL thaH janM thaH
1.

[n, formal] grandstand

2.

stand on which a Buddha image is placed

3.

[clsf] [numerical classifier for grandstands]

อัฒสระatL thaH saL raH

[n] [sound of halfway between a vowel and a consonant; a semi-vowel]

อัตatL dtaL

[n, part, formal, loan, P] self; individual

อัตคัด atL dtaL khatH

[adj, formal] destitute; penniless; down and out; impoverished; indigent; insolvent; moneyless; penurious; poor; poverty-stricken

อัตชีวประวัติatL dtaL cheeM waH bpraL watH

[n] autobiography

อัตนัยatL dtaL naiM

[adj] [is] subjective

อัตโนมัติ atL dtaL no:hM matH
1.

[n, adj, loan, P] [is] automatic

plus 1 more
อัตภาพatL dtaL phaapF
1.

[n] ego, individualism, individuality, personal circumstances

plus 1 more
อัตวินิบาตกรรมatL dtaL wiH niH baatL dtaL gamM

[n] suicide; self-annihilation

อัตวิสัยatL dtaL wiH saiR
1.

[n] [grammar] subject

2.

[adj] [grammar] subjective

3.

[adj] subjective (based on subjective criteria)

อัธยาศัยatL thaH yaaM saiR
1.

[n] disposition; friendliness

plus 1 more
อัมพฤกษ์amM maH phreukH
1.

[n] paralysis; palsy

plus 1 more
อัมพาต amM maH phaatF

[n] paralysis

อัยการaiM yaH gaanM

[n] prosecutor

อัลกุรอานanM laH gooL raH aanM

[prop.n] the Koran

อัศจรรย์atL saL janM

[adj, formal, loan, S] miraculous; marvellous; wonderful; amazing; surprising; astonishing; magic

อัศเจรีย์atL saL jaehM reeM

[n] exclamation mark; exclamation point

อัศวยุชมาสatL saL waH yootH chaH maatF

[prop.n] the eleventh lunar month

อัศวาatL saL waaM

[n, loan, S] horse

อัศวานึกatL saL waaM neukH

[n] cavalry

อัศวินatL saL winM
1.

[n] knight

plus 2 more
อัษฎา atL saL daaM

[prop.n] Asda [a Thai male given name]

อัษฏางค์atL saL dtaangM

[prop.n] Atsadang

อัษราatL saL raaM

[prop.n, pers] Asara [a Thai given name]

อัสดงatL saL dohngM

to set (with respect to the sun); go down

อัสดงคตatL saL dohngM khohtH
1.

[adj] Western; occidental

2.

[n] West

อากาศaaM gaatL saL
1.

[n] weather; air; climate

2.

air

อาชญากร aatL chaH yaaM gaawnM

[adj] [is] criminal

อาชญากรรม aatL chaH yaaM gamM

[n] crime

อาชญาสิทธ์aatL chaH yaaM sitL

[n] absolute power

อาชวะaatL chaH waH

[n] rectitude; honesty; integrity; equity; justice [one of the ten kingly virtues]

อาชีวปฏิญาณaaM cheeM waH bpaL dtiL yaanM

[n] professional oath; oath taken by a member of a certain profession

อาตมaatL dtaL maH

[prn] [1st person singular pronoun used by a monk] I

อาราธนาaaM raatF thaH naaM
1.

[v] to invite (a monk); ask (a monk)

plus 2 more
อาเศียรวาทaaM siianR raH waatF

[n] blessing

อาษาฒมาสaaM saatL thaH maatF

[prop.n] the eighth lunar month

อาสนะaatL saL naH

[n] raised platform serving as a seat for monks

อาสาฬหปุรณaaM saanR laH haL bpooL rohnM

[n] the day Buddha was born

อำมาตยาธิปไตยamM maaM dtaL yaaM thipH bpaL dtaiM

[n] government by bureaucracy; government by civil servants; bureaucratic polity

อิสรitL saL raL
1.

[adj, part, loan, P] [is] free; at liberty; autonomous; independent

2.

[n] freedom; liberty; autonomy

plus 2 more
อิสระ itL saL raL
1.

[adj, part, loan, P] [is] free; at liberty; autonomous; independent

2.

[n] freedom; liberty; autonomy

plus 2 more
อิสราเอล itL saL raaM aehnM
1.

[prop.n, geog, adv] [general] Israel; Israeli

plus 1 more
อิสลาม itL saL laamM
1.

[adj, loan, Eng] [Thai transcription of the foreign loanword] Islam; Muslim

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อึกทึก eukL gaL theukH

[adj, colloq] [usually followed by ครึกโครม] [is] noisy

อุตพิด ootL dtaL phitH

[n] stinkweed, Thlaspi arvense

อุตรดิตถ์ ootL dtaL raH ditL

[prop.n, geog] Uttaradit, a province in northern Thailand with a 1995 population of 476,997 (rank 51 of 76)

อุตรนิกายootL dtaL raH niH gaaiM

[n] Uttaranikaya; Mahayana sect of Buddhism

อุตรนิกายootL dtaL raH niH gaaM yaH

[n] Uttaranikaya; Mahayana sect of Buddhism

อุตลุดootL dtaL lootL

[adj] hastily; in great confusion; hurriedly

อุทกภัยooL thohkH gaL phaiM
1.

[n] flood; inundation; deluge

plus 1 more
อุทกศาสตร์ooL thohkH gaL saatL

[n] Hydrology

อุทยาน ootL thaH yaanM

[n] garden; park; national park

อุปการะoopL bpaL gaaM raH
1.

[v] to support, look after, take care of

3.

kindness; charity

plus 1 more
อุปการิณีoopL bpaL gaaM riH neeM

[n] (female) supporter; benefactrix

อุปการีoopL bpaL gaaM reeM

[n] (male) supporter; benefactor

อุปถัมภ์oopL bpaL thamR
1.

[n, v] to patronize; to help; to support

plus 1 more
อุปทานoopL bpaL thaanM
1.

[n, formal, loan, P] (economic) supply

2.

imagination; fancy; hallucination

อุปนิสัยoopL bpaL niH saiR

[n, loan, P] habit; trait; characteristic; attribute; feature; idiosyncrasy; mannerism; peculiarity; quality; quirk

อุปโภคoopL bpaL pho:hkF
1.

[v, poet] to consume

2.

[adj] consumed; all gone

plus 1 more
อุปมา oopL bpaL maaM

[n, formal] simile

อุปไมยoopL bpaL maiM

[n, formal, loan, P] [see อุปมา ]

อุปราชoopL bpaL raatF

a second king; a local king

อุปลักษณ์oopL bpaL lakH saL

[n, formal, loan, P] metaphor (the verbs คือ  and เป็น  are always used)

อุปสงค์oopL bpaL sohngR

[n] (economic) demand

อุปสรรคoopL bpaL sakL
1.

[n] obstacle; snag

2.

[grammar] prefix

เอกaehkL gaL
1.

[n, adj, loan, P] [usually used as an adjective] [is] sole; solitary; single; chief; first; prime; important; leading; excellent; one; alone; lonely

2.

[n, formal] [of Thai Tone] low

3.

[adj, loan, P] [Pali numeral] one; [usually used as a prefix] first; single

4.

[adj] [designating the higest ranking officers]

6.

[prop.n] Ake; Ehk; Aek [Thai nickname for a firstborn son]

plus 1 more
เอกพงษ์aehkL gaL phohngM

[prop.n] Ekaphong [a Thai given name]

เอกมัยaehkL gaL maiM
1.

[prop.n, geog] Ekkamai

2.

common sense

เอกรรถประโยคaehM gatL thaL bpraL yo:hkF

[n] [grammar] simple sentence

เอกสิทธิ์aehkL gaL sitL

[n, aux.v] privilege; prerogative; perquisite; perks

เอกใหม่aehkL gaL maiL

[prop.n] Ekamai [a Thai given name]

เอหิภิกขุอุปสัมปทาaehM hiL phikH khooL oopL bpaL samR bpaL thaaM

[n] an ordination of a bikkhu done by Buddha himself

โอชo:htL chaH

[adj] [is] delicious or tasty; succulent or savory; ambrosial; delectable; yummy; scrumptious

ไอยเรศaiM yaH raehtF

[n] [name of Thai tune]

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