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กตัญญู  gaL dtanM yuuM
contents of this page
1.กตัญญูgaL dtanM yuuM[Thai customary and dutiful kindness, deference, gratitude, and reciprocation towards elders] [is] deferential; grateful for
2.อกตัญญูaL gaL dtanM yuuM[is] ungrateful
3.ความกตัญญูkhwaamM gaL dtanM yuuMgratitude

Royal Institute - 1982
กตัญญู  /กะ-ตัน-ยู/ {Pali: กต = อุปการะ ที่ท่านทำแล้ว + ญู = ผู้รู้}
[วิเศษณ์] (ผู้) รู้อุปการะที่ท่านทำให้, (ผู้) รู้คุณท่าน, เป็นคำคู่กันกับ กตเวที.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiกะ-ตัน-ยู
IPAkà tan juː
Royal Thai General Systemkatanyu

alternate
spelling
กตัญญุgaL dtanM yooH
1.   [adjective]
definition
[Thai customary and dutiful kindness, deference, gratitude, and reciprocation towards elders] [is] deferential; grateful for

notesSpecial case in Thai typography: notice that the small curl under the second in this word is completely replaced with the อู vowel. Unicode processors should display this correctly.

The following image (a.) illustrates the conflict that can occur with a TIS-620 font or in a non-Unicode environment. The TIS-620 character set offers a lower version of อู (b.) which must be selected in this case, since the is not available without the curl. This lower baseline creates a problem with many software programs—the symbols are often clipped off.
synonymกัตญญูgatL yaH yuuM[is] dutiful [see กตัญญู]
antonymsเนรคุณnaehM raH khoonM[is] ungrateful; go against; betray
อตัญญูaL dtanM yuuM[is] ungrateful
related wordsรู้คุณruuH khoonMto show รู้คุณคน
รู้คุณคนruuH khoonM khohnM[Thai customary and dutiful kindness, deference, gratitude and reciprocation]
examplesลูกกตัญญูluukF gaL dtanM yuuMa obediant or dutiful child
กตัญญูรู้คุณgaL dtanM yuuM ruuH khoonM[is] grateful, obligated, thankful
กตัญญูรู้คุณgaL dtanM yuuM ruuH khoonMgratefulness, gratitude, sense of obligation
กตัญญุตาgaL dtanM yooH dtaaM[poetic] gratefulness; thankfulness
ความกตัญญูรู้คุณkhwaamM gaL dtanM yuuM ruuH khoonMgratefulness; gratitude
sample
sentences
โตไปเขาก็จะรู้ว่าอะไรถูกอะไรผิด มีความกตัญญูเป็นฐาน
dto:hM bpaiM khaoR gaawF jaL ruuH waaF aL raiM thuukL aL raiM phitL meeM khwaamM gaL dtanM yuuM bpenM thaanR
"“When they grow up they will know right from wrong and will understand what it is to be grateful.”"
สาม กตัญญูต่อพ่อแม่ ผู้ปกครอง ครูบาอาจารย์
saamR gaL dtanM yuuM dtaawL phaawF maaeF phuuF bpohkL khraawngM khruuM baaM aaM jaanM
"3. Be grateful to your parents, guardians, and teachers."
as a prefixกตัญญูกตเวทีgaL dtanM yuuM gaL dtaL waehM theeMgratefulness, sense of obligation or duty
2. กตัญญู  aL gaL dtanM yuuM  [adjective]
definition
[is] ungrateful

synonymอตัญญูaL dtanM yuuM[is] ungrateful
antonymกตัญญูรู้คุณgaL dtanM yuuM ruuH khoonM[is] grateful, obligated, thankful
3. ความกตัญญู  khwaamM gaL dtanM yuuM  [noun]
definition
gratitude

synonymsกตเวทิตาgaL dtaL waehM thiH dtaaMgratitude; thankfulness; appreciation; gratefulness
กตัญญูกตเวทิตาgaL dtanM yuukF gaL dtaL waehM thiH dtaaMthe quality of being a grateful person; gratitude; gratefulness.
ความรู้คุณkhwaamM ruuH khoonMgratitude
sample
sentences
การที่คนไทยปฏิบัติต่อข้าวมาแต่โบราณเช่นนี้ นับเป็นวัฒนธรรมทางจิตใจที่แสดงถึงความเป็นผู้มีความกตัญญูแม้กับผู้ที่มิใช่มนุษย์ เป็นวัฒนธรรมที่ดี
gaanM theeF khohnM thaiM bpaL dtiL batL dtaawL khaaoF maaM dtaaeL bo:hM raanM chenF neeH napH bpenM watH thaH naH thamM thaangM jitL jaiM theeF saL daaengM theungR khwaamM bpenM phuuF meeM khwaamM gaL dtanM yuuM maaeH gapL phuuF theeF miH chaiF maH nootH bpenM watH thaH naH thamM theeF deeM
"The fact that Thais have acted this way from ancient times is considered a spiritual and cultural artifact which shows that they are people who express their gratitude even to non-human powers; this is an admirable cultural trait."
คุณลุงกับคุณป้ารับอุปการะเลี้ยงดูผมเพราะพ่อแม่ของผมเสียชีวิตตั้งแต่ผมยังเล็กท่านมีบุญคุณกับผมมาก ผมตั้งจะดูแลท่านเมื่อยามที่ท่านแก่ตัวลงเพื่อแสดงความกตัญญู
khoonM loongM gapL khoonM bpaaF rapH oopL bpaL gaaM raH liiangH duuM phohmR phrawH phaawF maaeF khaawngR phohmR siiaR cheeM witH dtangF dtaaeL phohmR yangM lekH thanF meeM boonM khoonM gapL phohmR maakF phohmR dtangF jaL duuM laaeM thanF meuuaF yaamM theeF thanF gaaeL dtuaaM lohngM pheuuaF saL daaengM khwaamM gaL dtanM yuuM
"My uncle and aunt took on the obligation of raising me because my parents passed away since I was very young. They were very kind to me. I am determined to look after the two of them when they get old so that I can show them my gratitude."

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