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ทุกข์ยาก
thookH yaakF
pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiทุก-ยาก
IPAtʰúk jâːk
Royal Thai General Systemthuk yak

1.   [adjective, phrase]
definition
[is] in dire straits; poverty; destitution

componentsทุกข์ thookHsuffering; sorrow; distress; adversity; trouble; anxiety; first of the Four Noble Truths
ยาก yaakF[is] difficult; hard; not easy
sample
sentence
ชาวชนบทหลายคนกระเสือกกระสนเข้ามาหางานทำในกรุงเทพฯ เพื่อหลีกหนีความทุกข์ยากในชนบท
chaaoM chohnM naH bohtL laaiR khohnM graL seuuakL graL sohnR khaoF maaM haaR ngaanM thamM naiM groongM thaehpF pheuuaF leekL neeR khwaamM thookH yaakF naiM chohnM naH bohtL
"Many rural people strive to come to find work in Bangkok in order to escape the difficult life of the countryside."
2. ความทุกข์ยาก  khwaamM thookH yaakF  [noun, phrase]
definition
poverty; destitution; difficulty; hardship; misery

componentsความkhwaamM[a prefix which converts an adjective or verb into a noun]
ทุกข์ thookHsuffering; sorrow; distress; adversity; trouble; anxiety; first of the Four Noble Truths
ยาก yaakF[is] difficult; hard; not easy
example
จะช่วยเยียวยาความทุกข์ยาก
jaL chuayF yiaaoM yaaM khwaamM thookH yaakF
...will help improve their abject poverty.
sample
sentences
ถ้าบอกแล้วขอร้องแล้ว ยังไม่ยอมก็ต้องใช้กำลัง อย่างที่กลุ่มคนเสื้อแดงบุกไปที่โรงพยาบาลจุฬาฯ รัฐบาลส่งคนไปเจรจาอ้อนวอนอย่างไร ก็ยังยโสโอหังฮึกเหิม ไม่คิดถึงความทุกข์ยากคนอื่น
thaaF baawkL laaeoH khaawR raawngH laaeoH yangM maiF yaawmM gaawF dtawngF chaiH gamM langM yaangL theeF gloomL khohnM seuuaF daaengM bookL bpaiM theeF ro:hngM phaH yaaM baanM jooL laaM ratH thaL baanM sohngL khohnM bpaiM jaehnM raH jaaM aawnF waawnM yaangL raiM gaawF yangM yaH so:hR o:hM hangR heukH heermR maiF khitH theungR khwaamM thookH yaakF khohnM euunL
"If once you tell them and plead with them, and they still do not agree, then force will be necessary. Like when the Red Shirts took over Chula hospital, no matter how much the government sent people over to negotiate and plead with them, they responded in a haughty and impulsive manner, without any consideration for the welfare of others."
พวกเขาได้รับความทุกข์ยากเป็นอันมาก เพราะไม่มีประเทศใดยินดีต้อนรับคนอพยพจำนวนมากเช่นนี้
phuaakF khaoR daiF rapH khwaamM thookH yaakF bpenM anM maakF phrawH maiF meeM bpraL thaehtF daiM yinM deeM dtaawnF rapH khohnM ohpL phaH yohpH jamM nuaanM maakF chenF neeH
"They suffer enormous misery because no country is willing to welcome this large number of immigrants."

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