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ไหว  waiR 
contents of this page
1.to shake; tremble; quake; quiver
2.[is] shaking; quivering; trembling
3.[suffix meaning] "...able"; capable of
4.[syllable of ไหวพริบ used in ชิงไหวชิงพริบ]
5.[auxiliary of potential] is able

Royal Institute - 1982
ไหว  /ไหฺว/
[กริยา] สั่น, สะเทือน, กระดิก.
[วิเศษณ์] สามารถทำได้ เช่น เดินไหว.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiไหฺว
IPAwǎj
Royal Thai General Systemwai

1.   [verb]
definition
to shake; tremble; quake; quiver

related wordsกระดิก graL dikLwiggle
ขยับ khaL yapLto move oneself; to move about; to reposition one's body; to budge
ขยับเขยื้อนkhaL yapL khaL yeuuanFto move; to budge; stir; shift
ขยับตัวkhaL yapL dtuaaMto move oneself
เคลื่อน khleuuanFto move to another place; to move or relocate in a supervised or organized fashion
เคลื่อนไหวkhleuuanF waiRmove; agitate
ไหวติง waiR dtingMto move; to set in motion
examplesแผ่นดินไหวphaenL dinM waiRearthquake
เคลื่อนไหวkhleuuanF waiRmove; agitate
ความเคลื่อนไหวkhwaamM khleuuanF waiRmovement
ไหวตัวwaiR dtuaaMalert; conscious; able to move
ระบบป้องกันภาพสั่นไหว
raH bohpL bpaawngF ganM phaapF sanL waiR
image stabilization (in a camera)
นักเคลื่อนไหวnakH khleuuanF waiRactivist
การเคลื่อนไหวgaanM khleuuanF waiRmotion (in general); movement; moving
ไหวหวั่นwaiR wanL[is] anxious; uneasy; worried
sample
sentences
มีทองเท่าหนวดกุ้ง นอนสะดุ้งจนเรือนไหว
meeM thaawngM thaoF nuaatL goongF naawnM saL doongF johnM reuuanM waiR
to become too paranoid or panic-stricken over one's inconsiderable amount of wealth
หนึ่งชั่วโมงถัดมาแกต้องลุยน้ำเหนือเข่าพอกวาดตามองไปรอบตัว เห็นระลอกคลื่นซัดใบข้าวไหวระริก
neungL chuaaF mo:hngM thatL maaM gaaeM dtawngF luyM naamH neuuaR khaoL phaawM gwaatL dtaaM maawngM bpaiM raawpF dtuaaM henR raH laawkF khleuunF satH baiM khaaoF waiR raH rikH
"Just one hour later, he had to wade through water above knee-height. When he wiped his eyes and looked around, he noticed that the ripples had caused the leaves on the rice stalks to vibrate."
2.   [adjective]
definition
[is] shaking; quivering; trembling

examplesอ่อนไหวaawnL waiR[is] sensible; susceptible; receptive; responsive; changeable; given to quick changes in mood; weak
หวั่นไหวwanL waiR[is] (feeling) shaken; anxious
พลิ้วไหวphliuH waiRto waver; sway; rustle; waft; [is] blowing [in the wind]
อ่อนไหวaawnL waiRbland; mild
อ่อนไหวaawnL waiR[is] sensitive (to change)
ความหวั่นไหวkhwaamM wanL waiRanxiety; anxiousness
ความอ่อนไหวkhwaamM aawnL waiRsensitivity
3.   [auxiliary verb]
definition
[suffix meaning] "...able"; capable of

examplesทนไม่ไหวthohnM maiF waiRcan no longer bear it; can't stand it
ลวดดอกไม้ไหวluaatF daawkL maaiH waiRwire used to wrap artificial flowers
ไม่ไหวmaiF waiR[is] incapable; intolerable; not able
อดไม่ไหวohtL maiF waiR[is] unable to keep from (doing something)
sample
sentences
เธอผอมกะหร่องเทศอย่างนี้ จะมาทำงานไหวหรือ
thuuhrM phaawmR gaL raawngL thaehtF yaangL neeH jaL maaM thamM ngaanM waiR reuuR
"Looking so thin and emaciated like this, will you really be able to come to work?"
แต่ก็กลายเป็นดาบสองคมไปพร้อมกันเมื่อจำนวนนักท่องเที่ยวนั้นเพิ่มพรวดแบบก้าวกระโดดเกินกว่าจะรองรับไหว
dtaaeL gaawF glaaiM bpenM daapL saawngR khohmM bpaiM phraawmH ganM meuuaF jamM nuaanM nakH thaawngF thiaaoF nanH pheermF phruaatF baaepL gaaoF graL do:htL geernM gwaaL jaL raawngM rapH waiR
"But [this success] has become a double-edged sword when the number of tourists has increased more rapidly than [the country] has been able to accommodate."
4.   
definition
[syllable of ไหวพริบ used in ชิงไหวชิงพริบ]

exampleชิงไหวชิงพริบchingM waiR chingM phripHto outsmart; outwit; to gain an advantage over others
5.   [auxiliary verb]
definition
[auxiliary of potential] is able

sample
sentences
ผู้ชายไปไหว
phuuF chaaiM bpaiM waiR
"The man is able to go."
ผู้ชายไปตลาดไหว
phuuF chaaiM bpaiM dtaL laatL waiR
"The man is able to go to the market."
นักเรียน- "แล้วทำไมครูคิดว่า นักเรียนจะเรียนทุกวิชาไหวละครับ"
nakH riianM laaeoH thamM maiM khruuM khitH waaF nakH riianM jaL riianM thookH wiH chaaM waiR laH khrapH
"Students: “Well, then, how is it that you think that we students are able to learn all the subjects?”
เพราะเห็นแก่ว่าจำนวนนักท่องเที่ยวนั้น ๆเกินขีดจำกัดของเมืองจะรับไหวแล้ว
phrawH henR gaaeL waaF jamM nuaanM nakH thaawngF thiaaoF nanH nanH geernM kheetL jamM gatL khaawngR meuuangM jaL rapH waiR laaeoH
"[This is] because they see that the number of tourists is beyond the limit of what the city can bear."

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